The Vermont Statutes Online

Title 33: Human Services

Chapter 1: DEPARTMENT OF PREVENTION, ASSISTANCE, TRANSITION, AND HEALTH ACCESS

Sub-Chapter 5: Prohibited Practices; Penalties

33 V.S.A. § 141. Fraud



§ 141. Fraud

(a) A person who knowingly fails, by false statement, misrepresentation, impersonation, or other fraudulent means, to disclose a material fact used in making a determination as to the qualifications of that person to receive aid or benefits under a State or federally funded assistance program, or who knowingly fails to disclose a change in circumstances in order to obtain or continue to receive under a program aid or benefits to which he or she is not entitled or in an amount larger than that to which he or she is entitled, or who knowingly aids and abets another person in the commission of any such act shall be punished as provided in section 143 of this title.

(b) A person who knowingly uses, transfers, acquires, traffics, alters, forges, or possesses, or who knowingly attempts to use, transfer, acquire, traffic, alter, forge, or possess, or who knowingly aids and abets another person in the use, transfer, acquisition, traffic, alteration, forgery, or possession of a food stamp, food stamp identification card, authorization for the purchase of food stamps, certificate of eligibility for medical services, or Medicaid identification card in a manner not authorized by law shall be punished as provided in section 143 of this title. For the purposes of this section, the value of an authorization to purchase food stamps shall be the difference between the coupon allotment and the amount paid by the recipient for that allotment.

(c) A person who administers a State or federally funded assistance program who fraudulently misappropriates, attempts to misappropriate, or aids and abets in the misappropriation of a food stamp, authorization for food stamps, food stamp identification card, certificate of eligibility for prescribed medicine, Medicaid identification card, or assistance from any other State or federally funded program with which he or she has been entrusted or of which he or she has gained possession by virtue of his or her position, or who knowingly misappropriates, attempts to misappropriate, or aids or abets in the misappropriation of funds given in exchange for food stamps shall be punished as provided in section 143 of this title.

(d) A person who knowingly files, attempts to file, or aids and abets in the filing of a claim for services to a recipient of benefits under a State or federally funded assistance program for services which were not rendered, or who knowingly files a false claim or a claim for unauthorized items or services under such a program, or who knowingly bills the recipient of benefits under such a program or his family for an amount in excess of that provided for by law or regulation, or who knowingly fails to credit the State or its agent for payments received from Social Security, insurance, or other sources, or who in any way knowingly receives, attempts to receive, or aids and abets in the receipt of unauthorized payment as provided herein shall be punished as provided in section 143 of this title.

(e) A person providing service for which compensation is paid under a State or federally funded assistance program who requests, and receives, either actually or constructively, any payment or contribution through a payment, assessment, gift, devise, bequest, or other means, whether directly or indirectly, from either a recipient of assistance from the assistance program or from the family of the recipient shall notify the Commissioner for Children and Families or the Commissioner of Vermont Health Access, on a form provided by him or her, of the amount of the payment or contribution and of such other information as specified by the Commissioner for Children and Families or the Commissioner of Vermont Health Access within 10 days after the receipt of the payment or contribution or, if the payment or contribution is to become effective at some time in the future, within 10 days of the consummation of the agreement to make the payment or contribution. Failure to notify the Commissioner for Children and Families or the Commissioner of Vermont Health Access within the time prescribed is punishable as provided in section 143 of this title.

(f) Repayment of assistance or services wrongfully obtained shall not constitute a defense to or ground for dismissal of criminal charges brought under this section. (Added 1967, No. 147, § 1; amended 1973, No. 49; 1977, No. 206 (Adj. Sess.), § 1; 1999, No. 147 (Adj. Sess.), § 4; 2005, No. 174 (Adj. Sess.), § 74; 2009, No. 156 (Adj. Sess.), § I.40.)