The Vermont Statutes Online

Title 32: Taxation and Finance

Chapter 151: INCOME TAXES

Sub-Chapter 002: Taxation Of Individuals, Trusts, And Estates

32 V.S.A. § 5822. Tax on income of individuals, estates, and trusts



§ 5822. Tax on income of individuals, estates, and trusts

(a) A tax is imposed for each taxable year upon the taxable income earned or received in that year by every individual, estate, and trust, subject to income taxation under the laws of the United States, in an amount determined by the following tables, and adjusted as required under this section:

(1) Married individuals filing joint returns and surviving spouses:

        If taxable income is:                                          The tax is:

        Not over $56,700.00                                          3.55% of taxable income

 

       Over $56,700.00 but                                           $2,013.00 plus 7.0% of

       not over $137,050.00                                          the amount of taxable

                                                                                   income over $56,700.00

 

      Over $137,050.00 but                                          $7,637.00 plus 8.25%

      not over $208,850.00                                           of the amount of taxable

                                                                                   income over $137,050.00

 

      Over $208,850.00 but                                          $13,561.00 plus 8.9% of

      not over $372,950.00                                          the amount of taxable

                                                                                   income over $208,850.00

 

      Over $372,950.00                                                $28,166.00 plus 9.40% of

                                                                                   the amount of taxable

                                                                                   income over $372,950.00

 

          (2) Heads of households:

       If taxable income is:                                          The tax is:

      Not over $45,500.00                                           3.55% of taxable income

 

     Over $45,500.00 but                                            $1,615.00 plus 7.0%

     not over $117,450.00                                           of the amount of taxable

                                                                                  income over $45,500.00

 

     Over $117,450.00 but                                          $6,652.00 plus 8.25%

     not over $190,200.00                                           of the amount of taxable

                                                                                  income over $117,450.00

 

    Over $190,200.00 but                                           $12,654.00 plus 8.90% of

    not over $372,950.00                                            the amount of taxable

                                                                                  Income over $190,200.00

 

    Over $372,950.00                                                 $28,918.00 plus 9.40% of

                                                                                  the amount of taxable

                                                                                  income over $372,950.00

 

          (3) Unmarried individuals (other than surviving spouse or head of household):

      If taxable income is:                                           The tax is:

 

     Not over $33,950.00                                            3.55% of taxable income

 

    Over $33,950.00 but                                             $1,205.00 plus 7.0% of

    not over $82,250.00                                              the amount of taxable

                                                                                  income over $33,950.00

 

   Over $82,250.00 but                                              $4,586.00 plus 8.25% of  

   not over $171,550.00                                             the amount of taxable

                                                                                 income over $82,250.00

 

     Over $171,550.00 but                                          $11,953.00 plus 8.90% of

     not over $372,950.00                                           the amount of taxable

                                                                                  income over $171,550.00

 

     Over $372,950.00                                                $29,878.00 plus 9.40% of

                                                                                 the amount of taxable

                                                                                 income over $372,950.00

 

        (4) Married individuals filing separate returns:

     If taxable income is:                                            The tax is:

 

    Not over $28,350.00                                             3.55% of taxable income

 

    Over $28,350.00 but                                             $1,006.00 plus 7.0% of

    not over $68,525.00                                              the amount of taxable

                                                                                  income over $28,350.00

 

    Over $68,525.00 but                                             $3,819.00 plus 8.25% of

    not over $104,425.00                                            the amount of taxable

                                                                                  income over $68,525.00

 

    Over $104,425.00 but                                           $6,780.00 plus 8.90% of

    not over $186,475.00                                            the amount of taxable

                                                                                  income over $104,425.00

 

    Over $186,475.00                                                 $14,083.00 plus 9.40% of

                                                                                  the amount of taxable

                                                                                  income over $186,475.00

 

        (5) Estates and trusts:

   If taxable income is:                                              The tax is:

 

   $2,300.00 or less                                                   3.55% of taxable income

 

   Over $2,300.00 but                                                $82.00 plus 7.0% of the

   not over $5,350.00                                                 amount of taxable in-

                                                                                 come over $2,300.00

 

   Over $5,350.00 but                                               $295.00 plus 8.25% of

   not over $8,200.00                                                the amount of taxable

                                                                                 income over $5,350.00

 

   Over $8,200.00 but                                               $530.00 plus 8.90% of

   not over $11,150.00                                              the amount of taxable

                                                                                 income over $8,200.00

 

    Over $11,150.00                                                 $793.00 plus 9.40% of

                                                                                the amount of taxable

                                                                                income over $11,150.00

 

(b) As used in this section:

(1) "Married individuals," "surviving spouse," "head of household," "unmarried individual," "estate," and "trust" have the same meaning as that under the Internal Revenue Code.

(2) The amounts of taxable income shown in the tables in this section shall be adjusted annually for inflation by the Commissioner of Taxes, using the Consumer Price Index adjustment percentage, in the manner prescribed for inflation adjustment of federal income tax tables for the taxable year by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, beginning with taxable year 2003.

(c) The amount of tax determined under subsection (a) of this section shall be:

(1) increased by 24 percent of the taxpayer's federal tax liability for the taxable year for the following:

(A) additional taxes on qualified retirement plans, including individual retirement accounts and medical savings accounts and other tax-favored accounts;

(B) recapture of federal investment tax credit and increased by 76 percent of the Vermont-property portion of the business solar energy investment tax credit component of the federal investment tax credit recapture for the taxable year;

(C) tax on qualified lump-sum distributions of pension income not included in federal taxable income; and

(2) decreased by 24 percent of the reduction in the taxpayer's federal tax liability due to farm income averaging.

Subsection (d) shall apply to credits related to investments made before January 1, 2012.

(d)(1) A taxpayer shall be entitled to a credit against the tax imposed under this section of 24 percent of each of the credits allowed against the taxpayer's federal income tax for the taxable year as follows: elderly and permanently totally disabled credit, investment tax credit attributable to the Vermont-property portion of the investment, and child care and dependent care credits.

(2) A taxpayer shall also be entitled to a credit against the tax imposed under this section of 76 percent of the Vermont-property portion of the business solar energy investment tax credit component of the federal investment tax credit allowed against the taxpayer's federal income tax for the taxable year under Section 48 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(3) Any unused business solar energy investment tax credit under this section may be carried forward for no more than five years following the first year in which the credit is claimed.

(4) Solar energy tax credit. The solar energy tax credit provided for in this section shall be taken in accordance with the provisions of section 5930z of this title.

Subsection (d) shall apply to credits related to investments made on or after January 1, 2012.

(d)(1) A taxpayer shall be entitled to a credit against the tax imposed under this section of 24 percent of each of the credits allowed against the taxpayer's federal income tax for the taxable year as follows: elderly and permanently totally disabled credit, investment tax credit attributable to the Vermont-property portion of the investment, and child care and dependent care credits.

(2) Any unused business solar energy investment tax credit under this section may be carried forward for no more than five years following the first year in which the credit is claimed.

(e) The tax determined under subsections (a) through (d) of this section shall be reduced by a percentage equal to the portion of adjusted gross income which is not Vermont income; provided, however, that if a taxpayer's Vermont income exceeds the taxpayer's adjusted gross income, no reduction shall be made and provided, further, that if a taxpayer has zero or negative Vermont income and the taxpayer's Vermont income computed without regard to the reductions in subsection 5823(a) of this chapter does not equal or exceed the taxpayer's adjusted gross income, no tax shall be due under this section. (Added 1966, No. 61 (Sp. Sess.), § 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1966; amended 1967, No. 121, § 4, eff. Jan. 1, 1968; 1979, No. 70, § 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1968, affecting taxable years beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1968; 1979, No. 84 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. Jan. 29, 1980 for taxable years beginning on and after Jan. 1, 1980; 1981, No. 170 (Adj. Sess.) § 15, eff. April 19, 1982, affecting taxable years beginning on and after January 1, 1982; 1983, No. 144 (Adj. Sess.), § 4, eff. Jan. 1, 1985; 1985, No. 213 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. June 2, 1986 for taxable years beginning on and after January 1, 1987; 1987, No. 82, § 2, eff. June 9, 1987, affecting taxable years beginning on and after Jan. 1, 1987 (except for change in tax rate); 1987, No. 259 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. June 16 1988, affecting taxable years beginning on and after Jan. 1, 1988, § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 1989, affecting taxable years beginning on and after Jan. 1, 1989; 1989, No. 119, § 26, eff. June 22, 1989, applying to taxes payable for taxable years beginning on and after January 1, 1989; 1991, No. 32, § 2, eff. May 18, 1991, affecting taxes payable for taxable years beginning January 1, 1991, through December 31, 1993; 1993, No. 14, § 1, eff. April 27, 1993, applicable to income taxes payable for taxable years beginning on and after January 1, 1993; 1999, No. 49, § 35, eff. June 2, 1999; 2001, No. 67, § 4, eff. June 16, 2001; 2001, No. 140 (Adj. Sess.), § 5, eff. June 21, 2002; 2003, No. 66, § 305; 2005, No. 75, § 15; 2007, No. 92 (Adj. Sess.), § 27; 2009, No. 45, §§ 9, 9b, eff. May 27, 2009; 2009, No. 54, §§ 97, 99, eff. June 1, 2009; 2009, No. 1 (Sp. Sess.), § H.48a, eff. June 2, 2009; 2009, No. 159 (Adj. Sess.), §§ 9, 10, eff. June 4, 2010.)