The Vermont Statutes Online

Title 18: Health

Chapter 84: POSSESSION AND CONTROL OF REGULATED DRUGS

Sub-Chapter 01: Regulated Drugs

18 V.S.A. § 4230. Marijuana



§ 4230. Marijuana

(a) Possession and cultivation.

(1)(A) No person shall knowingly and unlawfully possess more than one ounce of marijuana or more than five grams of hashish or cultivate marijuana. For a first offense under this subdivision (A), a person shall be provided the opportunity to participate in the Court Diversion Program unless the prosecutor states on the record why a referral to the Court Diversion Program would not serve the ends of justice. A person convicted of a first offense under this subdivision shall be imprisoned not more than six months or fined not more than $500.00, or both.

(B) A person convicted of a second or subsequent offense of knowingly and unlawfully possessing more than one ounce of marijuana or more than five grams of hashish or cultivating marijuana shall be imprisoned not more than two years or fined not more than $2,000.00, or both.

(C) Upon an adjudication of guilt for a first or second offense under this subdivision, the court may defer sentencing as provided in 13 V.S.A. § 7041 except that the court may in its discretion defer sentence without the filing of a presentence investigation report and except that sentence may be imposed at any time within two years from and after the date of entry of deferment. The court may, prior to sentencing, order that the defendant submit to a drug assessment screening which may be considered at sentencing in the same manner as a presentence report.

(2) A person knowingly and unlawfully possessing two ounces or more of marijuana or 10 grams or more of hashish or knowingly and unlawfully cultivating more than three plants of marijuana shall be imprisoned not more than three years or fined not more than $10,000.00, or both.

(3) A person knowingly and unlawfully possessing one pound or more of marijuana or 2.8 ounces or more of hashish or knowingly and unlawfully cultivating more than 10 plants of marijuana shall be imprisoned not more than five years or fined not more than $100,000.00, or both.

(4) A person knowingly and unlawfully possessing 10 pounds or more of marijuana or one pound or more of hashish or knowingly and unlawfully cultivating more than 25 plants of marijuana shall be imprisoned not more than 15 years or fined not more than $500,000.00, or both.

(5) Prior to accepting a plea of guilty or a plea of nolo contendere from a defendant charged with a violation of this subsection, the court shall address the defendant personally in open court, informing the defendant and determining that the defendant understands that admitting to facts sufficient to warrant a finding of guilt or pleading guilty or nolo contendere to the charge may have collateral consequences such as loss of education financial aid, suspension or revocation of professional licenses, and restricted access to public benefits such as housing. If the court fails to provide the defendant with notice of collateral consequences in accordance with this subdivision and the defendant later at any time shows that the plea and conviction may have or has had a negative consequence, the court, upon the defendant's motion, shall vacate the judgment and permit the defendant to withdraw the plea or admission and enter a plea of not guilty. Failure of the court to advise the defendant of a particular collateral consequence shall not support a motion to vacate.

(b) Selling or dispensing.

(1) A person knowingly and unlawfully selling marijuana or hashish shall be imprisoned not more than two years or fined not more than $10,000.00, or both.

(2) A person knowingly and unlawfully selling or dispensing one-half ounce or more of marijuana or 2.5 grams or more of hashish shall be imprisoned not more than five years or fined not more than $100,000.00, or both.

(3) A person knowingly and unlawfully selling or dispensing one pound or more of marijuana or 2.8 ounces of hashish shall be imprisoned not more than 15 years or fined not more than $500,000.00, or both.

(c) Trafficking. A person knowingly and unlawfully possessing 50 pounds or more of marijuana or five pounds or more of hashish with the intent to sell or dispense the marijuana or hashish shall be imprisoned not more than 30 years or fined not more than $1,000,000.00, or both. There shall be a permissive inference that a person who possesses 50 pounds or more of marijuana or five pounds or more of hashish intends to sell or dispense the marijuana or hashish.

(d) Only the portion of a marijuana-infused product that is attributable to marijuana shall count toward the possession limits of this section. The weight of marijuana that is attributable to marijuana-infused products shall be determined according to methods set forth in rule by the Department of Public Safety in accordance with chapter 86 of this title (therapeutic use of cannabis). (Added 1989, No. 100, § 1; amended 2001, No. 52, § 3; 2003, No. 54, § 4; 2013, No. 75, §§ 22d, 22e, eff. July 2, 2013; 2013, No. 76, § 1.)