The Vermont Statutes Online

Title 18: Health

Chapter 21: COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

Sub-Chapter 04: Immunization

18 V.S.A. § 1130. Immunization Funding



§ 4201. Definitions

As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:

(1) "Professional board" means:

(A) in the case of a dentist, the State Board of Dental Examiners so designated under 26 V.S.A. chapter 12;

(B) in the case of a physician or surgeon, the State Board of Medical Practice so designated under 26 V.S.A. chapter 23;

(C) in the case of an osteopath, the State Board of Osteopathic Examination and Registration so designated under 26 V.S.A. chapter 33;

(D) in the case of a nurse, the Vermont State Board of Nursing so designated under 26 V.S.A. chapter 28;

(E) in the case of a pharmacist or pharmacy, the State Board of Pharmacy so designated under 26 V.S.A. chapter 36;

(F) in the case of a veterinarian, the State Veterinary Board so designated under 26 V.S.A. chapter 44;

(G) in the case of a hospital, laboratory, or nursing home, the State Board of Health so designated under chapter 3 of this title.

(2) "Board of Health" means the State Board of Health so designated under chapter 3 of this title.

(3) "Board of Pharmacy" means the State Board of Pharmacy so designated under 26 V.S.A. chapter 36.

(4) "Certificate" means a certificate of approval issued to a hospital, laboratory, or nursing home under section 4207 of this title.

(5) "Dentist" means a person authorized by law to practice dentistry in this State and who has a license issued to the person under this chapter authorizing him or her to use regulated drugs in connection with his or her professional practice.

(6) "Depressant or stimulant drug" means:

(A) any drug which contains any quantity of barbituric acid or any of the salts of barbituric acid, or any derivative of barbituric acid, which is designated as habit forming because of its effect on the central nervous system in the regulations adopted by the Board of Health under section 4202 of this title;

(B) any drug, other than methamphetamine, which contains any quantity of amphetamine or any of its optical isomers, any salt or amphetamine or any salt of an optical isomer of amphetamine, which the Board of Health so designates by such regulation as habit forming because of its effect on the central nervous system;

(C) gamma hydroxybutyric acid, including its salts, isomers, or salts of isomers;

(D) gamma butyrolactone, including 4-butyrolactone and gamma hydroxybutyric acid lactone, including its salts, isomers, or salts of isomers, when packaged, marketed, manufactured, or intended for human consumption;

(E) ketamine, including its salts, isomers, or salts of isomers;

(F) flunitrazepam, including its salts, isomers, or salts of isomers; and

(G) any drug, other than methamphetamine, which contains any quantity of a substance which the Board of Health so designates by such regulation as having a serious potential for abuse arising out of its effect on the central nervous system.

(7) "Dispense" includes distribute, leave with, give away, dispose of, or deliver.

(8) "Exempt officials" includes officials of the United States, insular possessions, territories, the District of Columbia, state, and political subdivisions.

(9) "Federal drug laws" means the laws of the United States relating to one or more of those drugs which are defined in this chapter as regulated drugs.

(10) "Hallucinogenic drugs" means stramonium, mescaline or peyote, lysergic acid diethylamide, and psilocybin, and all synthetic equivalents of chemicals contained in resinous extractives of Cannabis sativa, or any salts or derivatives or compounds of any preparations or mixtures thereof, and any other substance which is designated as habit-forming or as having a serious potential for abuse arising out of its effect on the central nervous system or its hallucinogenic effect in the regulations adopted by the Board of Health under section 4202 of this title.

(11) "Hospital" means an institution for the care and treatment of the sick and injured licensed as a hospital under chapter 43 of this title and a hospital conducted, maintained, and operated by the United States or the State of Vermont, approved under this chapter as proper to be entrusted with the custody and use of regulated drugs under the direction of a physician or dentist, confirmed by an official written order signed by a person authorized to prescribe such drugs.

(12) "Laboratory" means a laboratory approved under this chapter as proper to be entrusted with the custody and use of regulated drugs for scientific and medical purposes and for purposes of instruction.

(13) "License" means a license to practice their profession issued to one of those persons listed in subdivisions (1)(A) through (F) of this section by his or her respective professional board under the applicable laws of this State, or a license issued by the Board of Health under section 4206 of this title to a person not subject to the jurisdiction of any such professional board.

(14) "Manufacturer" means a person authorized by law to manufacture, bottle, or pack drugs in this State and who has a license issued to the person under this chapter to compound, mix, cultivate, produce, or prepare regulated drugs but does not include a pharmacy which compounds such drugs to be sold or dispensed on prescriptions at retail.

(15) "Marijuana" means any plant material of the genus Cannabis or any preparation, compound, or mixture thereof except:

(A) sterilized seeds of the plant;

(B) fiber produced from the stalks; or

(C) hemp or hemp products, as defined in 6 V.S.A. § 562.

(16) "Narcotic," "narcotics," or "narcotic drugs" means opium, coca leaves, pethidine (isonipecaine, meperidine), and opiates or their compound, manufacture, salt, alkaloid, or derivative, and every substance neither chemically nor physically distinguishable from them, and preparations containing such drugs or their derivatives, by whatever trade name identified and whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis, as the same are so designated in the regulations adopted by the Board of Health under section 4202 of this title.

(17) "Nurse" means any person authorized by law to practice nursing in this State.

(18) "Nursing home" means a facility, other than a hospital, operated for the purpose of providing lodging, board, and nursing care to sick, invalid, infirm, disabled, or convalescent persons, approved under this chapter as proper to be entrusted with the custody and use of regulated drugs prescribed for such individual patients under its care under the direction of a physician or dentist, confirmed by an official written order signed by a person authorized to prescribe such drugs. No nursing home shall be granted a certificate of approval for the possession and use of such drugs unless such nursing home has a registered nurse or a licensed practical nurse on duty or on call 24 hours daily who will have sole responsibility for those drugs. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed as conferring on any nursing home, convalescent home, or home for the aged any authority, right, or privilege beyond that granted to it by the law under which it is licensed or otherwise authorized to function.

(19) "Official written order" means an order written on a form prescribed for that purpose by the United States Commissioner of Narcotics and issued by the United States Commissioner of Internal Revenue, under any laws of the United States making provision therefor, if such order forms are authorized and required by federal law, and if no such order form is provided, then on an official form provided for that purpose by the Board of Health.

(20) "Person" includes an individual, partnership, corporation, association, trust, or other institution or entity.

(21) "Pharmacist" means any person authorized by law to practice pharmacy in this state; but nothing in this chapter shall be construed as conferring on a person any authority, right, or privilege, that is not granted to him or her by the pharmacy laws of his or her State.

(22) "Pharmacy" means any place registered as such by the Board of Pharmacy in which drugs, prescriptions, or poisons are possessed for the purpose of compounding, dispensing, or retailing, or in which drugs, prescriptions, or poisons are compounded, dispensed, or retailed, or in which such drugs, prescriptions, or poisons are by advertising or otherwise offered for sale at retail and which has a license issued to it under this chapter authorizing the retail dealing of regulated drugs.

(23) "Physician" means a person authorized by law to practice medicine in this State and who has a license issued to the person under this chapter authorizing him or her to use regulated drugs in connection with his or her professional practice.

(24) "Practitioner" includes a physician, dentist, veterinarian, surgeon, or any other person who may be lawfully entitled under this chapter to distribute, dispense, prescribe, or administer regulated drugs to patients.

(25) "Prescribe" means an order for a patient made or given by a practitioner.

(26) "Prescription" means an order for a regulated drug made by a physician, physician assistant, advanced practice registered nurse, dentist, or veterinarian licensed under this chapter to prescribe such a drug which shall be in writing except as otherwise specified in this subdivision. Prescriptions for such drugs shall be made to the order of an individual patient, dated as of the day of issue and signed by the prescriber. The prescription shall bear the full name, address, and date of birth of the patient, or if the patient is an animal, the name and address of the owner of the animal and the species of the animal. Such prescription shall also bear the full name, address, and registry number of the prescriber and, unless electronically prescribed, shall be written with ink, indelible pencil, or typewriter; if typewritten, it shall be signed by the prescriber. A written or typewritten prescription for a controlled substance, as defined in 21 C.F.R. Part 1308, shall contain the quantity of the drug written both in numeric and word form.

(27) "Registration" means the annual registration of licenses and certificates under this chapter.

(28) "Registry number" means the number assigned under regulations adopted by the Board of Health to each person authorized under this chapter to use, prescribe, dispense, possess, or administer a regulated drug in connection with his or her professional practice.

(29) "Regulated drug" means:

(A) a narcotic drug;

(B) a depressant or stimulant drug, other than methamphetamine;

(C) a hallucinogenic drug;

(D) Ecstasy;

(E) marijuana; or

(F) methamphetamine.

(30) "Sale" means transfer for a consideration or barter or exchange or an offer or express or implied promise to transfer for a consideration or barter or exchange, and each such transaction made by any person, whether as principal, proprietor, agent, servant, or employee.

(31) "Veterinarian" means a person authorized by law to practice veterinary medicine in this State and who has a license issued to the person under this chapter authorizing him or her to use regulated drugs in connection with his or her professional practice.

(32) "Veterinary hospital" means an institution equipped with the technical facilities, professional and technical personnel necessary for diagnosis and treatment of animals suffering from sickness or injury and which hospital is further approved under this chapter as proper to be entrusted with the custody and use of regulated drugs which may be used only by veterinarians in their professional practice at that hospital.

(33) "Wholesaler" means a person authorized by law, when so required, to sell at wholesale drugs in this State and further has a license issued to the person under this chapter to supply others than consumers with drugs or preparations containing a regulated drug that the person has not produced or prepared.

(34) "Deliver" means the actual, constructive, or attempted transfer or prescription of a regulated drug, whether or not there exists an agency relationship.

(35) "Cocaine" means coca leaves except coca leaves and extracts of coca leaves from which cocaine, ecgonine, and derivatives of ecgonine or their salts have been removed; cocaine, its salts, optical and geometric isomers, and salts of isomers; ecgonine, its derivatives, their salts, isomers, and salts of isomers; or any compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of any of the substances referred to in this subdivision.

(36) "Heroin" includes every substance not chemically or physically distinguishable from it and preparations containing heroin or its derivatives, by whatever name identified and whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis, as designated by the Board of Health by rule.

(37) "Lysergic acid diethylamide" includes any salts or derivatives or compounds of any preparations or mixtures of lysergic acid diethylamide or any preparation, mixture, or compound containing any lysergic acid diethylamide.

(38) "Ecstasy" means 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, including its salts, isomers, or salts of isomers.

(39) "Methamphetamine" includes any quantity of the substance, its salt, isomers, salts of isomers, optical isomers, and salts of its optical isomers.

(40) "Crack cocaine" means the free-base form of cocaine.

(41) "Prescription drug" means any human drug required by federal law or regulation to be dispensed only by a prescription, including finished dosage forms and active ingredients subject to Section 503(b) of the federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

(42) "Ultimate user" means a patient who uses a prescription drug. (Added 1967, No. 343 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. March 23, 1968; amended 1975, No. 10, § 1, eff. 30 days from March 10, 1975; 1989, No. 100, §§ 10, 11; 2001, No. 52, § 2; 2003, No. 54, § 3; 2011, No. 27, § 1; 2013, No. 75, § 2; 2013, No. 84, § 2, eff. June 10, 2013.)