The Vermont Statutes Online

Title 10: Conservation and Development

Chapter 166: COLLECTION AND RECYCLING OF ELECTRONIC DEVICES

10 V.S.A. § 7551. Definitions



§ 7551. Definitions

As used in this chapter:

(1) "Agency" means the Agency of Natural Resources.

(2) "Cathode-ray tube" means a vacuum tube or picture tube used to convert an electronic signal into a visual image.

(3) "Collection" means the aggregation of electronic waste from covered entities and includes all the activities up to the time the electronic waste is delivered to a recycler.

(4) "Collector" means a public or private entity that receives electronic waste from covered entities or from another collector and that performs any of the following:

(A) arranges for the delivery of the electronic waste to a recycler;

(B) sorts electronic waste;

(C) consolidates electronic waste; or

(D) provides data security services in a manner approved by the Secretary.

(5) "Computer" means a laptop computer, desktop computer, tablet computer, or central processing unit that conveys electronic, magnetic, optical, electrochemical, or other high-speed data processing device performing logical, arithmetic, or storage functions. "Computer" does not include an automated typewriter or typesetter or other similar device.

(6) "Computer monitor" means a display device without a tuner that can display pictures and sound and is used with a computer.

(7) "Computer peripheral" means a keyboard or any other device sold exclusively for external use with a computer that provides input or output into or from a computer.

(8) "Covered electronic device" means a: computer; computer monitor; device containing a cathode ray tube; printer; or television from a covered entity. "Covered electronic device" does not include: any motor vehicle or any part thereof; a camera or video camera; a portable or stationary radio; a wireless telephone; a household appliance, such as a clothes washer, clothes dryer, water heater, refrigerator, freezer, microwave oven, oven, range, or dishwasher; equipment that is functionally or physically part of a larger piece of equipment intended for use in an industrial, research and development, or commercial setting; security or anti-terrorism equipment; monitoring and control instruments or systems; thermostats; hand-held transceivers; a telephone of any type; a portable digital assistant or similar device; a calculator; a global positioning system receiver or similar navigation device; commercial medical equipment that contains a cathode ray tube, a cathode ray tube device, a flat panel display, or similar video display that is not separate from the larger piece of equipment; or other medical devices, as the term "device" is defined under 21 U.S.C. § 321(h) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as that section is amended from time to time.

(9) "Covered entity" means any household, charity, or school district in the State; or a business in the State that employs ten or fewer individuals. If seven or fewer covered electronic devices are delivered to a collector at any given time, those devices shall be presumed to be from a covered entity.

(10) "Electronic waste" means a: computer; computer monitor; computer peripheral; device containing a cathode ray tube; printer; or television from a covered entity. "Electronic waste" does not include: any motor vehicle or any part thereof; a camera or video camera; a portable or stationary radio; a wireless telephone; a household appliance, such as a clothes washer, clothes dryer, water heater, refrigerator, freezer, microwave oven, oven, range, or dishwasher; equipment that is functionally or physically part of a larger piece of equipment intended for use in an industrial, library, research and development, or commercial setting; security or antiterrorism equipment; monitoring and control instruments or systems; thermostats; handheld transceivers; a telephone of any type; a portable digital assistant or similar device; a calculator; a global positioning system receiver or similar navigation device; commercial medical equipment that contains a cathode ray tube, a cathode ray tube device, a flat panel display, or similar video display that is not separate from the larger piece of equipment; or other medical devices, as the term "device" is defined under 21 U.S.C. § 321(h) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as that section is amended from time to time.

(11) "Manufacturer" means a person who:

(A) manufactures or manufactured a covered electronic device under its own brand or label for sale in the State;

(B) sells in the State under its own brand or label covered electronic devices produced by another supplier;

(C) owns a brand that it licenses or licensed to another person for use on a covered electronic device sold in the State;

(D) imports into the United States for sale in the State a covered electronic device manufactured by a person without a presence in the United States;

(E) manufactures covered electronic devices for sale in the State without affixing a brand name; or

(F) assumes the responsibilities, obligations, and liabilities of a manufacturer as defined under subdivisions (A) through (E) of this subdivision (11), provided that the Secretary may enforce the requirements of this chapter against a manufacturer if a person who assumes the manufacturer's responsibilities fails to comply with the requirements of this chapter.

(12) "Market share" means a "manufacturer's market share" which shall be the manufacturer's percentage share of the total weight of covered electronic devices sold in the State as determined by an estimate of the aggregate total weight of the manufacturer's covered electronic devices sold in the State during the previous program year based on national sales data unless the Secretary approves a manufacturer to use actual sales data.

(13) "Printer" means desktop printers, multifunction printer copiers, and printer fax combinations taken out of service that are designed to reside on a work surface, and include various print technologies, including without limitation laser and LED (electrographic), ink jet, dot matrix, thermal, and digital sublimation, and "multi-function" or "all-in-one" devices that perform different tasks, including copying, scanning, faxing, and printing. "Printer" does not include floor-standing printers, printers with an optional floor stand, point of sale (POS) receipt printers, household printers such as a calculator with printing capabilities or label makers, or nonstand-alone printers that are embedded into products that are not covered electronic products.

(14) "Program year" means the period established by the Secretary as the program year in the Plan required by section 7552 of this title.

(15) "Recycler" means a person who accepts electronic waste from covered entities and collectors for the purpose of recycling. A person who takes products solely for reuse, refurbishment, or repair is not a recycler.

(16) "Recycling" means the process of collecting and preparing electronic wastes for use in manufacturing processes or for recovery of useable materials followed by delivery of such materials for use. Recycling does not include destruction by incineration; waste-to-energy incineration, or other such processes; or land disposal.

(17) "Retailer" means a person who sells, rents, or leases covered electronic devices to a person in the State, through any means, including sales outlets, catalogues, the telephone, the Internet, or any electronic means.

(18) "Sell" or "sale" means any transfer for consideration of title or of the right to use by lease or sales contract of a covered electronic device to a person in the State. "Sell" or "sale" does not include the sale, resale, lease, or transfer of used covered electronic devices or a manufacturer's or a distributor's wholesale transaction with a distributor or a retailer.

(19) "Television" means any telecommunications system or device containing a cathode ray tube or other type of display system with a viewable area of greater than four inches when measured diagonally that can broadcast or receive moving pictures and sound over a distance and includes a television tuner or a display device peripheral to a computer that contains a television tuner.

(20) "Transporter" means a person that moves electronic waste from a collector to either another collector or to a recycler. (Added 2009, No. 79 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. April 19, 2010; amended 2011, No. 148 (Adj. Sess.), § 16.)