The Vermont Statutes Online

Title 10: Conservation and Development

Chapter 151: STATE LAND USE AND DEVELOPMENT PLANS

Sub-Chapter 001: General Provisions

10 V.S.A. § 6001. Definitions



§ 6001. Definitions

In this chapter:

(1) "Board" means the Natural Resources Board.

(2) "Capability and development plan" means the plan prepared pursuant to section 6042 of this title.

(3)(A) "Development" means each of the following:

(i) The construction of improvements on a tract or tracts of land, owned or controlled by a person, involving more than 10 acres of land within a radius of five miles of any point on any involved land, for commercial or industrial purposes in a municipality that has adopted permanent zoning and subdivision bylaws.

(ii) The construction of improvements for commercial or industrial purposes on more than one acre of land within a municipality that has not adopted permanent zoning and subdivision bylaws.

(iii) The construction of improvements for commercial or industrial purposes on a tract or tracts of land, owned or controlled by a person, involving more than one acre of land within a municipality that has adopted permanent zoning and subdivision bylaws, if the municipality in which the proposed project is located has elected by ordinance, adopted under 24 V.S.A. chapter 59, to have this jurisdiction apply.

(iv) The construction of housing projects such as cooperatives, condominiums, or dwellings, or construction or maintenance of mobile homes or trailer parks, with 10 or more units, constructed or maintained on a tract or tracts of land, owned or controlled by a person, within a radius of five miles of any point on any involved land, and within any continuous period of five years.

(v) The construction of improvements on a tract of land involving more than 10 acres that is to be used for municipal, county, or state purposes. In computing the amount of land involved, land shall be included that is incident to the use such as lawns, parking areas, roadways, leaching fields and accessory buildings.

(vi) The construction of improvements for commercial, industrial or residential use above the elevation of 2,500 feet.

(vii) Exploration for fissionable source materials beyond the reconnaissance phase or the extraction or processing of fissionable source material.

(viii) The drilling of an oil and gas well.

(ix) any support structure proposed for construction, which is primarily for communication or broadcast purposes and which will extend vertically 20 feet or more above the highest point of an attached existing structure or 50 feet or more above ground level in the case of a proposed new support structure, in order to transmit or receive communication signals for commercial, industrial, municipal, county, or state purposes, independently of the acreage involved.

(I) Under this subdivision (ix): (aa) the word "development" shall also include the construction of improvements ancillary to the support structure, including buildings, broadcast or communication equipment, foundation pads, cables, wires, antennas or hardware, and all means of ingress and egress to the support structure; and (bb) the word "development" shall not include future improvements that are not ancillary to the support structure and do not involve an additional support structure, unless they would otherwise be considered a development under this subdivision (3).

(II) The criteria and procedures for obtaining a permit for a development under this subdivision (ix) shall be the same as for any other development;

(x) any withdrawal of more than 340,000 gallons of groundwater per day from any well or spring on a single tract of land or at a place of business, independently of the acreage of the tract of land or place of business, if the withdrawal requires a permit under section 1418 of this title or is by a bottled water facility regulated under chapter 56 of this title.

(B)(i) Smart Growth Jurisdictional Thresholds. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (3)(A) of this section, if a project consists exclusively of mixed income housing or mixed use, or any combination thereof, and is located entirely within a growth center designated pursuant to 24 V.S.A. 2793c or entirely within a downtown development district designated pursuant to 24 V.S.A. § 2793, "development" means:

(I) Construction of mixed income housing with 200 or more housing units or a mixed use project with 200 or more housing units, in a municipality with a population of 15,000 or more.

(II) Construction of mixed income housing with 100 or more housing units or a mixed use project with 100 or more housing units, in a municipality with a population of 10,000 or more but less than 15,000.

(III) Construction of mixed income housing with 50 or more housing units or a mixed use project with 50 or more housing units, in a municipality with a population of 6,000 or more and less than 10,000.

(IV) Construction of mixed income housing with 30 or more housing units or a mixed use project with 30 or more housing units, in a municipality with a population of 3,000 or more but less than 6,000.

(V) Construction of mixed income housing with 25 or more housing units or a mixed use project with 25 or more housing units, in a municipality with a population of less than 3,000.

(VI) Historic Buildings. Construction of 10 or more units of mixed income housing or a mixed use project with 10 or more housing units where the construction involves the demolition of one or more buildings that are listed on or eligible to be listed on the State or National Register of Historic Places. However, demolition shall not be considered to create jurisdiction under this subdivision if the Division for Historic Preservation has determined the proposed demolition will have: no adverse effect; no adverse effect provided that specified conditions are met; or, will have an adverse effect, but that adverse effect will be adequately mitigated. Any imposed conditions shall be enforceable through a grant condition, deed covenant, or other legally binding document.

(ii) Mixed Income Housing Jurisdictional Thresholds. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (3)(A) of this section, if a project consists exclusively of mixed income housing and is located entirely within a Vermont neighborhood designated pursuant to 24 V.S.A. § 2793d or a neighborhood development area as defined in 24 V.S.A. § 2791(16), "development" means:

(I) Construction of mixed income housing with 200 or more housing units, in a municipality with a population of 15,000 or more.

(II) Construction of mixed income housing with 100 or more housing units, in a municipality with a population of 10,000 or more but less than 15,000.

(III) Construction of mixed income housing with 50 or more housing units, in a municipality with a population of 6,000 or more and less than 10,000.

(IV) Construction of mixed income housing with 30 or more housing units, in a municipality with a population of 3,000 or more but less than 6,000.

(V) Construction of mixed income housing with 25 or more housing units, in a municipality with a population of less than 3,000.

(VI) Historic Buildings. Construction of 10 or more units of mixed income housing where the construction involves the demolition of one or more buildings that are listed on or eligible to be listed on the State or National Register of Historic Places. However, demolition shall not be considered to create jurisdiction under this subdivision if the Division for Historic Preservation has determined the proposed demolition will have: no adverse effect; no adverse effect provided that specified conditions are met; or will have an adverse effect, but that adverse effect will be adequately mitigated. Any imposed conditions shall be enforceable through a grant condition, deed covenant, or other legally binding document.

(C) For the purposes of determining jurisdiction under subdivisions (3)(A) and (3)(B) of this section, the following shall apply:

(i) Incentive for Growth Inside Designated Areas. Notwithstanding subdivision (3)(A)(iv) of this section, housing units constructed by a person partially or completely outside a designated downtown development district, designated growth center, designated Vermont neighborhood, or designated neighborhood development area shall not be counted to determine jurisdiction over housing units constructed by that person entirely within a designated downtown development district, designated growth center, designated Vermont neighborhood, or designated neighborhood development area.

(ii) Five-Year, Five-Mile Radius Jurisdiction Analysis. Within any continuous period of five years, housing units constructed by a person entirely within a designated downtown district, designated growth center, designated Vermont neighborhood, or designated neighborhood development area shall be counted together with housing units constructed by that person partially or completely outside a designated downtown development district, designated growth center, designated Vermont neighborhood, or designated neighborhood development area to determine jurisdiction over the housing units constructed by a person partially or completely outside the designated downtown development district, designated growth center, designated Vermont neighborhood, or designated neighborhood development area and within a five-mile radius in accordance with subdivision (3)(A)(iv) of this section.

(iii) Discrete Housing Projects in Designated Areas and Exclusive Counting for Housing Units. Notwithstanding subdivisions (3)(A)(iv) and (19) of this section, jurisdiction shall be determined exclusively by counting housing units constructed by a person within a designated downtown development district, designated growth center, designated Vermont neighborhood, or designated neighborhood development area, provided that the housing units are part of a discrete project located on a single tract or multiple contiguous tracts of land.

(iv) Railroad projects. In the case of a project undertaken by a railroad, no portion of a railroad line or railroad right-of-way that will not be physically altered as part of the project shall be included in computing the amount of land involved. In the case of a project undertaken by a person to construct a rail line or rail siding to connect to a railroad's line or right-of-way, only the land used for the rail line or rail siding that will be physically altered as part of the project shall be included in computing the amount of land involved.

(v) Permanently Affordable Housing. Notwithstanding subdivisions (3)(A)(iv) and (19) of this section, jurisdiction shall be determined exclusively by counting affordable housing units, as defined by this section, that are subject to housing subsidy covenants as defined in 27 V.S.A. § 610 that preserve their affordability for a period of 99 years or longer, provided the affordable housing units are located in a discrete project on a single tract or multiple contiguous tracts of land, regardless of whether located within an area designated under 24 V.S.A. chapter 76A.

(D) The word "development" does not include:

(i) The construction of improvements for farming, logging, or forestry purposes below the elevation of 2,500 feet.

(ii) The construction of improvements for an electric generation or transmission facility that requires a certificate of public good under 30 V.S.A. § 248, a natural gas facility as defined in 30 V.S.A. § 248(a)(3), or a telecommunications facility issued a certificate of public good under 30 V.S.A. § 248a.

(iii) [Repealed.]

(iv) The construction of improvements for agricultural fairs that are registered with the Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets and that are open to the public for 60 days per year or fewer, provided that, if the improvement is a building, the building was constructed prior to January 1, 2011 and is used solely for the purposes of the agricultural fair.

(v) The construction of improvements for the exhibition or showing of equines at events that are open to the public for 60 days per year, or fewer, provided that any improvements constructed do not include one or more buildings.

(vi) The construction of improvements for any one of the actions or abatements authorized in subdivision (I) of this subdivision (vi):

A remedial or removal action for which the Secretary of Natural Resources has authorized disbursement under section 1283 of this title. (bb) Abating a release or threatened release, as directed by the Secretary of Natural Resources under section 6615 of this title. (cc) A remedial or removal action directed by the Secretary of Natural Resources under section 6615 of this title. (dd) A corrective action authorized in a corrective action plan approved by the Secretary of Natural Resources under section 6615b of this title. (ee) A corrective action authorized in a corrective action plan approved by the Secretary of Natural Resources under subchapter 3 of chapter 159 of this title.

(II) The exemption provided by this subdivision shall not apply to subsequent development.

(vii) The construction of improvements below the elevation of 2,500 feet for the onsite storage, preparation, and sale of compost, provided that one of the following applies:

(I) The compost is produced from no more than 100 cubic yards of material per year;

(II) The compost is principally produced from inputs grown or produced on the farm;

(III) The compost is principally used on the farm where it was produced;

(IV) The compost is produced on a farm primarily used for the raising, feeding, or management of livestock, only from: (aa) manure produced on the farm; and (bb) unlimited clean, dry, high-carbon bulking agents from any source;

(V) The compost is produced on a farm primarily used for the raising, feeding, or management of livestock, only from: (aa) manure produced on the farm; (bb) up to 2,000 cubic yards per year of organic inputs allowed under the Agency of Natural Resources' acceptable management practices, including food residuals or manure from off the farm, or both; and (cc) unlimited clean, dry, high-carbon bulking agents from any source;

(VI) The compost is produced on a farm primarily used for the cultivation or growing of food, fiber, horticultural, or orchard crops, that complies with the Agency of Natural Resources' solid waste management rules, only from up to 5,000 cubic yards per year of total organic inputs allowed under the Agency of Natural Resources' acceptable management practices, including up to 2,000 cubic yards per year of food residuals;

(E) When development is proposed to occur on a parcel or tract of land that is devoted to farming activity as defined in subdivision 6001(22) of this section, only those portions of the parcel or the tract that support the development shall be subject to regulation under this chapter. Permits issued under this chapter shall not impose conditions on other portions of the parcel or tract of land which do not support the development and that restrict or conflict with accepted agricultural practices adopted by the Secretary of Agriculture, Food and Markets. Any portion of the tract that is used to produce compost ingredients for a composting facility located elsewhere on the tract shall not constitute land which supports the development unless it is also used for some other purpose that supports the development.

(4) "District commission" means the district environmental commission.

(5) "Endangered species" means those species the taking of which is prohibited under rules adopted under chapter 123 of this title.

(6) "Floodway" means the channel of a watercourse which is expected to flood on an average of at least once every 100 years and the adjacent land areas which are required to carry and discharge the flood of the watercourse, as determined by the Secretary of Natural Resources with full consideration given to upstream impoundments and flood control projects.

(7) "Floodway fringe" means an area which is outside a floodway and is flooded with an average frequency of once or more in each 100 years as determined by the Secretary of Natural Resources with full consideration given to upstream impoundments and flood control projects.

(8) "Productive forest soils" means those soils which are not primary agricultural soils but which have a reasonable potential for commercial forestry and which have not been developed. In order to qualify as productive forest soils, the land containing such soils shall be of a size and location, relative to adjoining land uses, natural condition, and ownership patterns so that those soils will be capable of supporting or contributing to a commercial forestry operation. Land use on those soils may include commercial timber harvesting and specialized forest uses, such as maple sugar or Christmas tree production.

(9) "Historic site" means any site, structure, district, or archeological landmark which has been officially included in the National Register of Historic Places and/or the State Register of Historic Places or which is established by testimony of the Vermont Advisory Council on Historic Preservation as being historically significant.

(10) "Land use plan" means the plan prepared pursuant to section 6043 of this title.

(11) "Lot" means any undivided interest in land, whether freehold or leasehold, including interests created by trusts, partnerships, corporations, cotenancies, and contracts.

(12) "Necessary wildlife habitat" means concentrated habitat which is identifiable and is demonstrated as being decisive to the survival of a species of wildlife at any period in its life including breeding and migratory periods.

(13) "Plat" means a map or chart of a subdivision with surveyed lot lines and dimensions.

(14)(A) "Person":

(i) shall mean an individual, partnership, corporation, association, unincorporated organization, trust or other legal or commercial entity, including a joint venture or affiliated ownership;

(ii) means a municipality or State agency;

(iii) includes individuals and entities affiliated with each other for profit, consideration, or any other beneficial interest derived from the partition or division of land;

(iv) includes an individual's parents and children, natural and adoptive, and spouse, unless the individual establishes that he or she will derive no profit or consideration, or acquire any other beneficial interest from the partition or division of land by the parent, child or spouse;

(B) The following individuals and entities shall be presumed not to be affiliated for the purpose of profit, consideration, or other beneficial interest within the meaning of this chapter, unless there is substantial evidence of an intent to evade the purposes of this chapter:

(i) a stockholder in a corporation shall be presumed not to be affiliated with others, solely on the basis of being a stockholder, if the stockholder and the stockholder's spouse, and natural or adoptive parents, children, and siblings own, control or have a beneficial interest in less than five percent of the outstanding shares in the corporation;

(ii) an individual shall be presumed not to be affiliated with others, solely for actions taken as an agent of another within the normal scope of duties of a court-appointed guardian, a licensed attorney, real estate broker or salesperson, engineer or land surveyor, unless the compensation received or beneficial interest obtained as a result of these duties indicates more than an agency relationship;

(iii) a seller or chartered lending institution shall be presumed not to be affiliated with others, solely for financing all or a portion of the purchase price at rates not substantially higher than prevailing lending rates in the community, and subsequently granting a partial release of the security when the buyer partitions or divides the land.

(15) "Primary agricultural soils" means soil map units with the best combination of physical and chemical characteristics that have a potential for growing food, feed, and forage crops, have sufficient moisture and drainage, plant nutrients or responsiveness to fertilizers, few limitations for cultivation or limitations which may be easily overcome, and an average slope that does not exceed 15 percent. Present uses may be cropland, pasture, regenerating forests, forestland, or other agricultural or silvicultural uses. However, the soils must be of a size and location, relative to adjoining land uses, so that those soils will be capable, following removal of any identified limitations, of supporting or contributing to an economic or commercial agricultural operation. Unless contradicted by the qualifications stated in this subdivision, primary agricultural soils shall include important farmland soils map units with a rating of prime, statewide, or local importance as defined by the Natural Resources Conservation Service (N.R.C.S.) of the United States Department of Agriculture (U.S.D.A.).

(16) "Rural growth areas" means lands which are not natural resources referred to in subdivisions 6086(a)(1)(A) through (F), subdivision 6086(a)(8)(A) and subdivisions 6086(a)(9)(B), (C), (D), (E) and (K) of this title.

(17) "Shoreline" means the land adjacent to the waters of lakes, ponds, reservoirs, and rivers. Shorelines shall include the land between the mean high water mark and the mean low water mark of such surface waters.

(18) "Stream" means a current of water which is above an elevation of 1,500 feet above sea level or which flows at any time at a rate of less than 1.5 cubic feet per second.

(19)(A) "Subdivision" means each of the following:

(i) a tract or tracts of land, owned or controlled by a person, which the person has partitioned or divided for the purpose of resale into 10 or more lots within a radius of five miles of any point on any lot, or within the jurisdictional area of the same district commission, within any continuous period of five years. In determining the number of lots, a lot shall be counted if any portion is within five miles or within the jurisdictional area of the same district commission;

(ii) a tract or tracts of land, owned or controlled by a person, which the person has partitioned or divided for the purpose of resale into six or more lots, within a continuous period of five years, in a municipality which does not have duly adopted permanent zoning and subdivision bylaws;

(iii) a tract or tracts of land, owned or controlled by a person, which have been partitioned or divided for the purpose of resale into five or more separate parcels of any size within a radius of five miles of any point on any such parcel, and within any period of ten years, by public auction.

(I) In this subdivision (iii), "public auction" means any auction advertised or publicized in any manner, or to which more than ten persons have been invited.

(II) If sales described under this subdivision (iii) are of interests that, when sold by means other than public auction, are exempt from the provisions of this chapter under the provisions of subsection 6081(b) of this title, the fact that these interests are sold by means of a public auction shall not, in itself, create a requirement for a permit under this chapter.

(B) The word "subdivision" shall not include each of the following:

(i) a lot or lots created for the purpose of conveyance to the State or to a qualified organization, as defined under section 6301a of this title, if the land to be transferred includes and will preserve a segment of the Long Trail;

(ii) a lot or lots created for the purpose of conveyance to the State or to a "qualified holder" of "conservation rights and interest," as defined in section 821 of this title.

(20) "Fissionable source material" means mineral ore which

(A) is extracted or processed with the intention of permitting the product to become or to be further processed into fuel for nuclear fission reactors or weapons; or

(B) contains uranium or thorium in concentrations which might reasonably be expected to permit economically profitable conversion or processing into fuel for nuclear reactors or weapons.

(21) "Reconnaissance" means:

(A) a geologic and mineral resource appraisal of a region by searching and analyzing published literature, aerial photography, and geologic maps; or

(B) use of geophysical, geochemical, and remote sensing techniques that do not involve road building, land clearing, the use of explosives, or the introduction of chemicals to a land or water area; or

(C) surface geologic, topographic, or other mapping and property surveying; or

(D) sample collections which do not involve excavation or drilling equipment, the use of explosives or the introduction of chemicals to the land or water area.

(22) "Farming" means:

(A) the cultivation or other use of land for growing food, fiber, Christmas trees, maple sap, or horticultural and orchard crops; or

(B) the raising, feeding, or management of livestock, poultry, fish, or bees; or

(C) the operation of greenhouses; or

(D) the production of maple syrup; or

(E) the on-site storage, preparation and sale of agricultural products principally produced on the farm; or

(F) the on-site storage, preparation, production, and sale of fuel or power from agricultural products or wastes principally produced on the farm; or

(G) the raising, feeding, or management of four or more equines owned or boarded by the farmer, including training, showing, and providing instruction and lessons in riding, training, and the management of equines.

(23) "Adjoining property owner" means a person who owns land in fee simple, if that land:

(A) shares a property boundary with a tract of land where a proposed or actual development or subdivision is located; or

(B) is adjacent to a tract of land where a proposed or actual development or subdivision is located and the two properties are separated only by a river, stream, or public highway.

(24) "Solid waste management district" means a solid waste management district formed pursuant to 24 V.S.A. section 2202a and chapter 121, or by charter adopted by the General Assembly.

(25) "Slate quarry" means a quarry pit or hole from which slate has been extracted or removed for the purpose of commercial production of building material, roofing, tile, or other dimensional stone products. "Dimensional stone" refers to slate that is processed into regularly shaped blocks, according to specifications. The words "slate quarry" shall not include pits or holes from which slate is extracted primarily for purposes of crushed stone products, unless, as of June 1, 1970, slate had been extracted from those pits or holes primarily for those purposes.

(26) "Telecommunications facility" means a support structure which is primarily for communication or broadcast purposes and which will extend vertically 20 feet, or more, above the highest point of an attached existing structure or 50 feet or more above ground level in the case of a proposed new support structure, in order to transmit or receive communication signals for commercial, industrial, municipal, county, or state purposes.

(27) "Mixed income housing" means a housing project in which the following apply:

(A) Owner-occupied housing. At the option of the applicant, owner-occupied housing may be characterized by either of the following:

(i) at least 15 percent of the housing units have a purchase price which at the time of first sale does not exceed 85 percent of the new construction, targeted area purchase price limits established and published annually by the Vermont Housing Finance Agency; or

(ii) at least 20 percent of the housing units have a purchase price which at the time of first sale does not exceed 90 percent of the new construction, targeted area purchase price limits established and published annually by the Vermont Housing Finance Agency;

(B) Affordable Rental Housing. At least 20 percent of housing that is rented by the occupants whose gross annual household income does not exceed 60 percent of the county median income, or 60 percent of the standard metropolitan statistical area income if the municipality is located in such an area, as defined by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development for use with the Housing Credit Program under Section 42(g) of the Internal Revenue Code, and the total annual cost of the housing, as defined at Section 42(g)(2)(B), is not more than 30 percent of the gross annual household income as defined at Section 42(g)(2)(C), and with a duration of affordability of no less than 30 years.

(28) "Mixed use" means construction of both mixed income housing and construction of space for any combination of retail, office, services, artisan, and recreational and community facilities, provided at least 40 percent of the gross floor area of the buildings involved is mixed income housing. "Mixed use" does not include industrial use.

(29) "Affordable housing" means either of the following:

(A) Housing that is owned by its occupants whose gross annual household income does not exceed 80 percent of the county median income, or 80 percent of the standard metropolitan statistical area income if the municipality is located in such an area, as defined by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, and the total annual cost of the housing, including principal, interest, taxes, insurance, and condominium association fees, is not more than 30 percent of the gross annual household income.

(B) Housing that is rented by the occupants whose gross annual household income does not exceed 80 percent of the county median income, or 80 percent of the standard metropolitan statistical area income if the municipality is located in such an area, as defined by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, and the total annual cost of the housing, including rent, utilities, and condominium association fees, is not more than 30 percent of the gross annual household income.

(30) "Designated growth center" means a growth center designated by the Vermont Downtown Development Board under the provisions of 24 V.S.A. chapter 76A.

(31) "Farm," for purposes of subdivisions (3)(D)(vii)(V) and (VI) of this section, means a parcel of land devoted primarily to farming, as farming is defined in subdivision (22)(A) or (B) of this section, and:

(A) from which parcel, annual gross income from farming, as defined in subdivision (22) of this section, exceeds the annual gross income from a composting operation on that parcel. For purposes of this subdivision, a federal, state, or municipal highway or road shall not be determined to divide tracts of land that are otherwise physically contiguous;

(B) for purposes of subdivision (3)(D)(vii)(V) of this section, uses no more than 10 acres or 10 percent of the parcel, whichever is smaller, for commercial compost management, not including land used for liquid nutrients management;

(C) for purposes of subdivision (3)(D)(vii)(VI) of this section, uses no more than four acres or 10 percent of the parcel, whichever is smaller, for commercial compost management, not including land used for liquid nutrients management.

(32) "Livestock" means cattle, sheep, goats, equines, fallow deer, red deer, American bison, swine, water buffalo, poultry, pheasant, chukar partridge, courtnix quail, camelids, ratites (ostriches, rheas, and emus), llamas, alpacas, yaks, rabbits, cultured trout propagated by commercial trout farmers, or other animal types designated by the Secretary of Agriculture, Food and Markets by procedure.

(33) "Compost" means a stable humus-like material produced by the controlled biological decomposition of organic matter through active management, but shall not mean sewage, septage, or materials derived from sewage or septage.

(34) "Agricultural fair" means an event or activity that is intended to promote farming by:

(A) exhibiting a variety of livestock and agricultural products;

(B) exhibiting arts, equipment, and implements related to farming; or

(C) conducting contests, displays, and demonstrations designed to advance farming, advance the local food economy, or train or educate farmers, youth, or the public regarding agriculture. (Added 1969, No. 250 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. April 4, 1970; amended 1973, No. 85, § 8; 1979, No. 123 (Adj. Sess.), §§ 1-3, eff. April 14, 1980; 1981, No. 240 (Adj. Sess.), § 6, eff. April 28, 1982; 1983, No. 114 (Adj. Sess.), § 1; 1985, No. 64; 1987, No. 64, § 2; 1987, No. 273 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. June 21, 1988; 1989, No. 154 (Adj. Sess.); 1989, No. 231 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. July 1, 1991; 1989, No. 234 (Adj. Sess.), § 4; 1993, No. 200 (Adj. Sess.), § 1; 1993, No. 232 (Adj. Sess.), § 24, eff. March 15, 1995; 1995, No. 10, § 1; 1995, No. 30, § 1, eff. April 13, 1995; 1997, No. 48, § 1; 1997, No. 94 (Adj. Sess.), § 5, eff. April 15, 1998; 2001, No. 40, § 1; 2001, No. 114 (Adj. Sess.), §§ 6, 7, eff. May 28, 2002; 2003, No. 66, § 217c; 2003, No. 115 (Adj. Sess.), § 46, eff. Jan. 31, 2005; 2003, No. 121 (Adj. Sess.), §§ 75, 76, eff. June 8, 2004; 2005, No. 183 (Adj. Sess.), § 6; 2007, No. 79, § 13, eff. June 9, 2007; 2007, No. 92 (Adj. Sess.), § 4; 2007, No. 176 (Adj. Sess.), §§ 6, 7; 2009, No. 54, § 52, eff. June 1, 2009; 2009, No. 141 (Adj. Sess.), §§ 1a-3, eff. June 1, 2010; 2011, No. 18, §§ 1, 2, eff. May 11, 2011; 2013, No. 11, § 1; 2013, No. 59, § 11.)