Sub-Chapter 1: General Provisions
§ 2612. Prohibition and enforcement
(a) No person shall:
(1) Practice or attempt to practice landscape architecture or hold himself or herself as being able to do so in this state without first obtaining a valid license as required by this chapter.
(2) Use the title "landscape architect," "landscape architecture," or "landscape architectural" in connection with the person's name without being duly licensed under this chapter.
(b) No person licensed under this chapter shall:
(1) Stamp or seal documents with his or her landscape architect seal if his or her license has expired or is revoked or suspended.
(2) Practice or attempt to practice landscape architecture during license revocation or suspension.
(3) Engage in unprofessional conduct.
(4) Violate any provisions of this chapter.
(c) A person who willfully violates any provisions of subsection (a) of this section shall be subject to the penalties provided in 3 V.S.A. § 127(c).
(d) The administrative law officer may bring an action for injunctive relief to enforce the provisions of this chapter. (Added 2009, No. 84 (Adj. Sess.), § 2.)
§ 2613. Exemptions
(a) This chapter shall not affect or prevent:
(1) The practice of architecture, land surveying, engineering, or other licensed profession by persons not licensed under this chapter;
(2) Drafters, clerks, project managers, superintendents, students, and other employees or interns from acting under the instructions, control, or supervision of their employers;
(3) The construction, alteration, or supervision of sites by contractors or superintendents employed by contractors or the preparation of shop drawings in connection with the construction, alteration, or supervision;
(4) Owners or contractors from engaging persons who are not landscape architects to observe and supervise site construction of a project;
(5) The preparation of construction documents showing plantings, other horticulture-related elements, or landscape materials unrelated to horticulture;
(6) Individuals from making plans, drawings, or specifications for any property owned by them and for their own personal use;
(7) The design of irrigation systems; and
(8) Officers or employees of the federal government from working in connection with their employment.
(b) This section shall not be construed to permit a person not licensed as provided in this chapter to use the title landscape architect or any title, sign, card, or device to indicate that the person is a landscape architect.
(c) This chapter shall not be construed to limit or restrict in any manner the right of a practitioner of another profession or occupation from carrying on in the usual manner any of the functions of that profession or occupation as their experience, education, and training allow them to practice, including the professions of landscape design, garden design, planning, forestry, and forestry management. (Added 2009, No. 84 (Adj. Sess.), § 2.)
§ 2621. Office of Professional Regulation
(a) The Director shall:
(1) provide general information to applicants for licensure as landscape architects;
(2) explain appeal procedures to licensed landscape architects and applicants, and complaint procedures to the public;
(3) administer fees as established by law;
(4) receive applications for licensure; administer examinations; provide licenses to applicants qualified under this chapter; and renew, revoke, and reinstate licenses as ordered by an administrative law officer; and
(5) refer all disciplinary matters to an administrative law officer.
(b) The Director may adopt rules necessary to perform his or her duties under this section. (Added 2009, No. 84 (Adj. Sess.), § 2; amended 2013, No. 27, § 31.)
Sub-Chapter 2: Board Of Professional Engineering
§ 2622. Advisor appointees
(a) The secretary of state shall appoint two landscape architects for five-year staggered terms to serve at the secretary's pleasure as advisors in matters relating to landscape architecture. One of the initial appointments may be for less than a five-year term. An appointee shall have not less than three years' experience as a landscape architect immediately preceding appointment, shall be licensed as a landscape architect in Vermont or be in the process of applying for licensure, and shall be actively engaged in the practice of landscape architecture in this state during incumbency.
(b) The director shall seek the advice of the landscape architect advisors in carrying out the provisions of this chapter. (Added 2009, No. 84 (Adj. Sess.), § 2; amended 2011, No. 66, § 8, eff. June 1, 2011.)
§ 2623. Applications
Applications for licensure shall be on forms provided by the director. Each application shall contain a statement under oath showing the applicant's education, experience, and other pertinent information and shall be accompanied by the required fee. (Added 2009, No. 84 (Adj. Sess.), § 2.)
§ 2624. Qualifications
(a) A person shall be eligible for licensure as a landscape architect if the person qualifies under one of the following provisions:
(1) Comity or endorsement. A person holding a registration or license to engage in the practice of landscape architecture issued on the basis of an examination administered by the council of landscape architectural registration boards, by the appropriate regulatory authority of a state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, or another country based on requirements and qualifications shown by the application to be equal to or greater than the requirements of this chapter may be examined on landscape architecture matters peculiar to Vermont and granted a license at the discretion of the director. The director shall accept evidence that an applicant holds a valid certificate from the council of landscape architectural registration boards as proof of qualification for licensure under this subdivision.
(2) Graduation and examination. An applicant who has graduated, having completed a landscape architecture curriculum approved by the landscape architectural accreditation board, followed by at least three years of diversified experience in landscape architecture under the supervision of a licensed, registered, or certified landscape architect and who has passed an examination administered by the council of landscape architectural registration boards may be granted a license. The director may accept experience received under the supervision of a licensed or registered architect, professional engineer, or land surveyor for one year of the experience required under this subdivision. All applicants shall have at least two years of experience under the supervision of a licensed, certified, or registered landscape architect.
(3) Experience and examination. An applicant who has completed nine or more years' diversified experience in landscape architecture under the supervision of a licensed, certified, or registered landscape architect and who has passed an examination administered by the council of landscape architectural review boards may be granted a license. Experience received under the supervision of a licensed or registered architect, professional engineer, or land surveyor may be substituted for no more than three years of this requirement. Credits from a landscape architecture program accredited by the landscape architectural accreditation board may be substituted for up to no more than three years of this requirement.
(b) Upon application for licensure, an applicant qualifying for licensure under subdivision (a)(2) or (3) of this section shall file a report with the director certifying the practical experience requirements completed. The director shall certify that, to the best of the director's knowledge, the report is correct.
(c) An applicant may submit experience accrued for a period of three years in the practice of landscape architecture, as defined in subdivision 2611(5) of this title, in order to meet the experience requirements set forth in subsection (a) of this section if the experience was obtained in Vermont on or before December 31, 2011. Evidence of experience shall be reviewed and approved by the director.
(d) An applicant qualifying for licensure under subdivision (a)(2) or (3) of this section shall pass a written examination administered by the council of landscape architectural boards on technical and professional subjects as may be prescribed by the council of landscape architectural boards. Applicants may apply for examination before completing the experience requirement as long as the experience requirements will be fulfilled by the examination date. Notification of the results of examinations shall be mailed to each candidate within 30 days of the date the results are received by the director. A candidate failing to pass the examination may apply for reexamination and may sit for a regularly scheduled examination as many times as the candidate chooses to do so. If an applicant does not pass the entire examination, the applicant shall not be required to retake any section of an examination that the applicant has previously passed. No license shall be granted to an applicant until he or she passes all sections of the exam.
(e) Licensing standards and procedures adopted by the director by rule shall be fair and reasonable. Those standards and procedures shall be designed and implemented to ensure that all applicants are admitted to practice unless there is a good reason to believe that practice by a particular applicant would be inconsistent with the public health, safety, or welfare. Licensing standards shall not be designed or implemented for the purpose of limiting the number of licensed landscape architects. (Added 2009, No. 84 (Adj. Sess.), § 2.)
§ 2625. Licensure; generally
The director shall issue a license, upon payment of the fees required in this chapter, to an applicant who has satisfactorily met all the requirements of this chapter. (Added 2009, No. 84 (Adj. Sess.), § 2.)
§ 2626. License renewal
(a) A license shall be renewed every two years upon application and payment of the required fee. Failure to comply with the provisions of this section shall result in suspension of all privileges granted to the licensee, beginning on the expiration date of the license. A license which has lapsed shall be renewed upon payment of the biennial renewal fee and the late renewal penalty.
(b) The director may adopt rules necessary for the protection of the public to assure the director that an applicant whose license has lapsed or who has not worked for more than three years is professionally qualified. Conditions imposed under this subsection shall be in addition to the requirements of subsection (a) of this section. (Added 2009, No. 84 (Adj. Sess.), § 2.)
§ 2627. Fees
Applicants and persons regulated under this chapter shall pay those fees set forth in 3 V.S.A. § 125(b). (Added 2009, No. 84 (Adj. Sess.), § 2.)
Sub-Chapter 3: Licensing And Specialty Certifications
§ 2628. Seal
Each licensed landscape architect shall obtain a seal of a design as the director shall authorize and direct. Plans and specifications prepared by or under the direct supervision of a licensed landscape architect shall be stamped with the licensed landscape architect's seal. (Added 2009, No. 84 (Adj. Sess.), § 2.)
§ 2629. Unprofessional conduct
Unprofessional conduct means the following conduct and the conduct by a licensee or applicant for licensure as set forth in 3 V.S.A. § 129a.
(1) Accepting and performing responsibilities which the licensed landscape architect knows or has reason to know that he or she is not competent to perform, or undertaking to perform professional services in specific technical areas in which the licensed landscape architect is not qualified by education, training, and experience;
(2) Failing to practice with reasonable care and competence and to apply the technical knowledge and skill ordinarily applied by licensed landscape architects practicing in the same locality;
(3) Assisting in the application for licensure of a person known by the licensed landscape architect to be unqualified in respect to education, training, or experience;
(4) Accepting compensation for services from more than one party on a project unless the circumstances are fully disclosed and agreed to by all interested parties;
(5) Failing to disclose fully in writing to a client or employer the nature of any business association or direct or indirect financial interest substantial enough to influence the licensed landscape architects judgment in the performance of professional services;
(6) Soliciting or accepting compensation from material or equipment suppliers in return for specifying or endorsing their products;
(7) Failing to disclose compensation for making public statements on landscape architectural questions;
(8) Offering or making a payment or gift to an elected or appointed government official with the intent to influence the official's judgment in connection with a prospective or existing project in which the licensed landscape architect is interested;
(9) Offering or making a gift of other than nominal value, including reasonable entertainment and hospitality, with the intent to influence the judgment of an existing or prospective client in connection with a project in which the licensed landscape architect is interested;
(10) Knowingly designing a project in violation of applicable state and local laws and regulations;
(11) Making a willful material misrepresentation with respect to the qualifications or experience of an applicant or otherwise in the practice of the profession, whether by commission or omission;
(12) Acting, while serving as an advisor to the director, in any way to contravene willfully the provisions of this chapter and thereby artificially restricting the entry of qualified persons into the profession;
(13) Using the licensed landscape architect's seal on drawings prepared by others not in his or her employ, or using the seal of another;
(14) Inaccurately representing to a prospective or existing client or employer the licensed landscape architect's qualifications and scope of responsibility for work for which he or she claims credit;
(15) Signing or sealing technical submissions unless they were prepared by or under the responsible control of the licensed landscape architect, except that the licensed landscape architect may sign or seal those portions of the technical submissions that were prepared by or under the responsible control of persons who are licensed under this chapter if the licensed landscape architect has reviewed and adopted in whole or in part those portions and has either coordinated their preparation or integrated them into his or her work; and
(16) In each office maintained for preparation of drawings, specifications, reports, or other professional work, failing to have a licensed landscape architect with direct knowledge and supervisory control of such work resident and regularly employed in that office. (Added 2009, No. 84 (Adj. Sess.), § 2.)
§ 2651. Definitions
As used in this chapter:
(1) "Director" means the director of the office of professional regulation.
(2) "Optician" is a person who is qualified and licensed under this chapter to interpret and fill prescriptions of ophthalmologists or optometrists for ophthalmic lenses or repair and reproduce previously prepared ophthalmic lenses and frames, prepare and deliver work orders to technicians engaged in grinding lenses and fabricate eyewear, verify the accuracy of ophthalmic lenses, and adjust and disperse lenses, specially fabricated optical devices, frames, and appurtenances.
(3) "Optometrist" means a person licensed under chapter 30 of of this title.
(4) "Ophthalmologist" means a licensed physician who has had special training in the field of ophthalmology.
(5) "Registered optician trainee" means a person registered as an optician trainee under this chapter. (Added 1973, No. 174 (Adj. Sess.), § 4; amended 2005, No. 27, § 74; 2005, No. 148 (Adj. Sess.), § 24.)
§ 2652. Prohibitions
(a) No person may engage in practice as an optician, or use any initials, letters, wording, abbreviations, or insignia used by an optician unless he or she is licensed under this chapter.
(b) A person may not seek or obtain a license or renewal by means of false or fraudulent actions or representations. (Added 1973, No. 174 (Adj. Sess.), § 4.)
§ 2653. Exemptions
Nothing in this chapter shall prohibit:
(1) Persons, firms, corporations, or others from supplying ophthalmic materials and supplies directly to licensed physicians, licensed optometrists, or opticians;
(2) The sales of magnifying glasses, goggles, nonprescription spectacles, sunglasses, telescopes, binoculars, or similar articles, when sold as merchandise at a regular established place of business;
(3) Any person, firm, or corporation from employing or otherwise engaging the services of one or more opticians;
(4) Any optician from practicing his o her occupation when the person, firm or corporation conducts his or her or its business in a permanently established place and in a manner which is in keeping with the limitations imposed upon individual opticians under this chapter;
(5) The employment of a person who only performs mechanical work upon inert matter in an optical office, laboratory, or shop. (Added 1973, No. 174 (Adj. Sess.), § 4.)
§ 2654. Penalties
Any person who violates a provision of section 2652 of this title shall be subject to the penalties provided in 3 V.S.A. § 127(c). (Added 1973, No. 174 (Adj. Sess.), § 4; amended 2007, No. 29, § 37.)
§ 2661. Director; duties
(a) The director shall:
(1) provide general information to applicants for licensure as opticians;
(2) explain appeal procedures to opticians and applicants and complaint procedures to the public;
(3) administer fees established by law;
(4) receive applications for licensure, issue licenses, to applicants qualified under this chapter, deny or renew licenses and issue, revoke, suspend, condition, and reinstate licenses as ordered by an administrative law officer;
(5) refer complaints and disciplinary matters to an administrative law officer.
(b) The director may, after consultation with the advisor appointees, adopt rules necessary to perform the director's duties under this chapter. (Added 1973, No. 174 (Adj. Sess.), § 4; amended 2001, No. 129 (Adj. Sess.), § 26, eff. June 13, 2002; 2005, No. 27, § 75; 2005, No. 148 (Adj. Sess.), § 25.)
§ 2662. Advisor appointees
(a) The secretary of state shall appoint two licensed opticians as set forth in 3 V.S.A. § 129b. One of the initial appointments may be for less than a five-year term. Appointees shall have not less than three years' experience as an optician immediately preceding appointment and shall be actively engaged in optician practice in Vermont during incumbency.
(b) The director shall seek the advice of the optician advisors in carrying out the provisions of this chapter. Advisor appointees shall be entitled to compensation and necessary expenses in the amount provided in 32 V.S.A. § 1010 for attendance at any meeting called by the director for this purpose. (Added 1973, No. 174 (Adj. Sess.), § 4; amended 2005, No. 148 (Adj. Sess.), § 26.)
§§ 2663Repealed. 2005, No. 148 (Adj. Sess.), § 54.
Sub-Chapter 4: Discipline
§ 2664. Repealed. 2005, No. 27, § 117(1).
§ 2665. Powers and duties of the director
(a) The director shall:
(1) Promulgate only those rules and regulations necessary for the full and efficient performance of its duties;
(2) Conduct examinations and pass upon the qualifications of applicants for reciprocal registration;
(3) Establish standards of education required of applicants for licensing and establish, by appropriate rules and regulations, the minimum standards for any school presenting a course for present or future opticians;
(4) Conduct any necessary hearings in connection with the issuance, renewal, suspension, or revocation of a license;
(6) Adopt rules establishing continuing education requirements and approve continuing education programs to assist a licensee in meeting these requirements.
(b) The director shall not:
(1) Adopt any rules or regulations prohibiting lawful advertising, the display of ophthalmic materials or merchandise, or limiting the place or location where opticians may practice; or
(2) Promulgate any rules and regulations specifically designed to limit the number of opticians in this state. (Added 1973, No. 174 (Adj. Sess.), § 4; amended 1983, No. 233 (Adj. Sess.), § 1; 2001, No. 129 (Adj. Sess.), § 27, eff. June 13, 2002; 2005, No. 27, § 117; 2005, No. 148 (Adj. Sess.), § 27.)
§ 2666. Repealed. 2005, No. 27, § 117(1).