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Journal of the Senate


TUESDAY, aPRIL 1, 2008

The Senate was called to order by the President.

Devotional Exercises

A moment of silence was observed in lieu of devotions.

Pledge of Allegiance

The President then led the members of the Senate in the pledge of allegiance.

Bill Referred to Committee on Appropriations

House committee bill of the following title, appearing on the Calendar for notice, and carrying an appropriation or requiring the expenditure of funds, under the rule, was referred to the Committee on Appropriations:

H. 880.

An act relating to the Vermont pension investment committee.

Senate Resolution Adopted

Senate resolution of the following title was offered, read and adopted, and is as follows:

   By Senators Condos and McCormack,

     S.R. 24.  Senate resolution relating to Calvin Coolidge.

     Whereas, Vermont’s favorite son, Calvin Coolidge, was Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts, and

     Whereas, as such he presided over the state Senate, and

     Whereas, his responsibilities included ruling senators out of order when they breached decorum, and

     Whereas, one day a senator, in session and in chamber, yelled “Go to hell” at a colleague, and

     Whereas, the offended party asked of Coolidge, “Mr. President might I have a ruling?”, and

     Whereas, Coolidge answered “You don’t have to go”, now therefore be it

Resolved by the Senate:

     That Calvin Coolidge was a really cool guy.

Bill Amended; Third Reading Ordered

S. 201.

Senator White, for the Committee on Government Operations, to which was referred Senate bill entitled:

An act relating to state employee whistleblower protection.

Reported that the bill ought to pass.

Thereupon, the bill was read the second time by title only pursuant to Rule 43, and pending the question, Shall the bill be read a third time?, Senator White, on behalf of the Committee on Government Operations, moved to amend the bill by striking out all after the enacting clause and inserting in lieu thereof the following:

Sec. 1.  3 V.S.A. chapter 27, subchapter 4A is added to read:

Subchapter 4A.  Whistleblower Protection


A state employee, as a trustee and servant of the people, shall be free to report, in good faith and with candor, waste, fraud, abuse of authority, violations of law, or a threat to the health of employees, the public, or persons under the care of the state without fear of reprisal, intimidation, or retaliation.


As used in this subchapter:

(1)  “Department head” means a secretary of an agency, commissioner of a department, director of an office, or any other appointing authority in charge of an agency of state government.

(2)  “Illegal order” means a directive to violate, or to assist in violating, a federal, state, or local law.

(3)  “Public body” means:

(A)  a department head or employee specifically designated or assigned to receive a complaint that constitutes protected activity under this chapter;

(B)  a board or commission of state government;

(C)  the Vermont state auditor;

(D)  a state or federal agency that the activities of a state agency;

(E)  a law enforcement officer as defined in subdivision 2358(c)(1) of Title 20;

(F)  a federal or state court, grand jury, petit jury, law enforcement agency, or prosecutorial office;

(G)  the general assembly or the United States Congress; or

(H)  an officer or employee of an entity listed in this subdivision (3) when acting within the scope of his or her duties.

(4)  “Retaliatory action” includes any adverse performance or disciplinary action, including discharge, suspension, reprimand, demotion, denial of promotion, or involuntary transfer or reassignment that is given in retaliation for the state employee’s involvement in a protected activity, as set forth in section 973 of this title.

(5)  “State employee” means an individual employed on a permanent or limited status basis by the state of Vermont.


(a)  A state agency, department, appointing authority, official, or employee shall not engage in retaliatory action against a state employee because the state employee refuses to comply with an illegal order or engages in any of the following:

(1)  Providing to a public body a good faith report or good faith testimony that alleges an entity of state government, a state employee or official, or a person providing services to the state under contract has engaged in a violation of law or in waste, fraud, abuse of authority, or a threat to the health of employees, the public, or persons under the care of the state.

(2)  Assisting or participating in a proceeding to enforce the provisions of this subchapter.

(b)  No state agency, department, appointing authority, official, or employee shall attempt to restrict or interfere with, in any manner, a state employee’s ability to engage in any of the protected activity described in subsection (a) of this section.

(c)  No state agency, department, appointing authority, or manager shall require any state employee to discuss or disclose his or her testimony, or intended testimony, prior to an employee’s appearance to testify before the general assembly if he or she is not testifying on behalf of an entity of state government.

(d)  No employee may divulge information that is confidential under state or federal law.  An act by which an employee divulges such information shall not be considered protected activity under this section.  

(e)  In order to establish a claim of retaliation based upon the refusal to follow an illegal order, the employee shall assert at the time of the refusal his or her good faith and reasonable belief that the order is illegal.


(a)  No entity of state government may prohibit a state employee from engaging in discussion with a member of the general assembly or from testifying before a legislative committee; provided, however, that an employee may not divulge confidential information, and an employee shall be clear that he or she is not speaking on behalf of an entity of state government.

(b)  No state employee shall be subject to discipline, discharge, discrimination, or other adverse employment action as a result of the employee providing information to a legislator or legislative committee; provided, however, that the employee does not divulge confidential information, and that the employee is clear that he or she is not speaking on behalf of any entity of state government.  The protections set forth in this subchapter shall not apply to statements that constitute hate speech or threats of violence against a person.

(c)  In the event that an appearance before the general assembly will cause an employee to miss work, he or she shall request to be absent from work and shall provide as much notice as is reasonably possible.  The protections set forth in this section are subject to the efficient operation of state government, which shall prevail in any instance of conflict; permission to be absent shall not be withheld unreasonably.


(a)  Nothing in this subchapter shall be deemed to diminish the rights, privileges, or remedies of a state employee under other federal or state law or under any collective bargaining agreement or employment contract, except the limitation on multiple actions as set forth in this section.

(b)  A state employee who raises a claim of retaliation for protected activity under a grievance procedure or similar process available to the employee may not bring such a claim in superior court.  “Grievance” shall include a violation of this subchapter and shall be subject to final determination by the board.

(c)  A state employee who raises a claim under this subchapter in superior court may not bring a claim of retaliation for protected activity under a grievance procedure or similar process available to the employee.

§ 976.  REMEDIES

A state employee who brings a claim in superior court may be awarded the following remedies:

(1)  reinstatement of the employee to the same position, seniority, and work location held prior to the retaliatory action;

(2)  back pay, lost wages, benefits, and other remuneration;

(3)  in the event of a showing of a willful, intentional, and egregious violation of this subchapter, an amount up to the amount of back pay in addition to the actual back pay;

(4)  other compensatory damages;

(5)  interest on back pay;

(6)  appropriate injunctive relief; and

(7)  reasonable costs and attorney’s fees.

§ 977.  POSTING

Every state agency and department shall distribute a copy of this law by August 1, 2008, and shall post and display notices of state employee protection under this subchapter in a prominent and accessible location in the workplace.


An action alleging a violation of this subchapter brought under a grievance procedure or similar process shall be brought within the period allowed by that process or procedure.  An action brought in superior court shall be brought within 180 days of the date of the alleged retaliatory action.


This act shall take effect upon passage.

Which was agreed to.

Thereupon, third reading of the bill was ordered.

Bill Passed in Concurrence

H. 563.

House bill of the following title was read the third time and passed in concurrence:

An act relating to uniform commercial code.

Joint Resolution Adopted in Concurrence with Proposal of Amendment

J.R.H. 44.

Joint House resolution of the following title was read the third time and adopted in concurrence with proposal of amendment:

Joint resolution relating to approving the Vermont information technology leaders’ (VITGL) health information technology plan as required by 22 V.S.A. § 903(g).

Joint Resolutions Adopted in Concurrence

Joint House resolutions entitled:

J.R.H. 57.

Joint resolution relating to U.S. military veterans and traumatic brain injury.

J.R.H. 58.

Joint resolution authorizing the 2008 Green Mountain Boy’s State program to use the State House.

Having been placed on the Calendar for action, were taken up.

Thereupon, the resolutions were adopted severally in concurrence.


On motion of Senator Campbell, the Senate adjourned until one o’clock and thirty minutes in the afternoon on Wednesday, April 2, 2008.


Published by:

The Vermont General Assembly
115 State Street
Montpelier, Vermont