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BILL AS INTRODUCED 2007-2008

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S.5

Introduced by   Senator Sears of Bennington District

Referred to Committee on

Date:

Subject:  Crimes and criminal procedure; judgment, sentence, and execution; deferred sentences

Statement of purpose:  This bill proposes to permit the court, on its own motion, to defer sentencing of an individual charged with a criminal offense and place the individual on probation on such terms and conditions as the court deems appropriate.  Upon the individual’s successful completion of probation, the record of the proceedings will be expunged.

AN ACT RELATING TO DEFERRED SENTENCES

It is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont:

Sec. 1.  13 V.S.A. § 7041 is amended to read:

§ 7041.  DEFERRED SENTENCE

(a)  Upon an adjudication of guilt and after the filing of a presentence investigation report At or after arraignment, and before a plea of guilty or commencement of a trial, upon motion by the state or the defendant or upon the court’s own motion, the court may defer sentencing and place the respondent on probation upon such terms and conditions as it may require if a written agreement concerning the deferring of sentence is entered into between the state's attorney and the respondent and filed with the clerk of the court in furtherance of justice

(b)  Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the court may defer sentencing and place the respondent on probation without a written agreement between the state's attorney and the respondent if the following conditions are met:

(1)  the respondent is 28 years old or younger;

(2)  the crime for which the respondent is being sentenced is not a listed crime as defined in subdivision 5301(7) of this title;

(3)  the court orders a presentence investigation in accordance with the procedures set forth in Rule 32 of the Vermont Rules of Criminal Procedure, unless the state's attorney agrees to waive the presentence investigation;

(4)  the court permits the victim to submit a written or oral statement concerning the consideration of deferment of sentence;

(5)  the court reviews the presentence investigation and the victim's impact statement with the parties; and

(6)  the court determines that deferring sentence is in the interest of justice.

(c)  Entry of deferment of sentence shall constitute an appealable judgment for purposes of appeal in accordance with section 2383 of Title 12 and Rule 3 of the Vermont Rules of Appellate Procedure.  Except as otherwise provided, entry of deferment of sentence shall constitute imposition of sentence solely for the purpose of sentence review in accordance with section 7042 of this title. The court may impose sentence at any time if the respondent violates the conditions of the deferred sentence during the period of deferment.

(d)(c)  Upon violation of the terms of probation or of the deferred sentence agreement, the court shall impose sentence.  Upon fulfillment of the terms of probation and of the deferred sentence agreement, the court shall strike the adjudication of guilt and discharge the respondent.  Upon discharge, the record of the criminal proceedings shall be expunged, except that the record shall not be expunged until restitution has been paid in full, absent a finding of good cause by the court.

(e)(d)  A deferred sentence imposed under subsection (a) or (b) of this section may include a restitution order issued pursuant to section 7043 of this title.  Nonpayment of restitution shall not constitute grounds for imposition of the underlying sentence.



Published by:

The Vermont General Assembly
115 State Street
Montpelier, Vermont


www.leg.state.vt.us