|BILL AS INTRODUCED||2007-2008|
Introduced by Committee on Fish, Wildlife and Water Resources
Subject: Conservation; wastewater management; mercury
Statement of purpose: This bill proposes to establish a comprehensive program by which manufacturers of mercury‑added thermostats will collect mercury‑added thermostats facing disposal. In addition, the bill would propose to amend the prohibition on the sale of mercury‑added products to apply to products manufactured on or after July 1, 2007.
AN ACT RELATING TO THE COLLECTION AND DISPOSAL OF MERCURY‑ADDED THERMOSTATS
It is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont:
Sec. 1. FINDINGS
The general assembly finds:
(1) According to a 2004 study by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, titled “International Mercury Market Study and the Role and Impact of U.S. Environmental Policy,” more than 10 percent of the estimated mercury reservoir in the United States is in thermostats.
(2) In 2000, thermostat manufacturers General Electric, Honeywell, and White Rodgers established the Thermostat Recycling Corporation (TRC) that runs the program for collecting mercury‑containing thermostat discarded in Vermont. Under the TRC program, thermostat wholesalers volunteer to place bins where heating, ventilation, and air‑conditioning (HVAC) contractors can discard thermostats.
(3) The manufacturers of mercury‑containing thermostats, with the cooperation of the agency of natural resources, should be encouraged to submit a single unified plan for the collection of mercury‑containing thermostats, the cost of which should be appropriately apportioned between participating manufacturers.
Sec. 2. 10 V.S.A. § 7102 is amended to read:
§ 7102. Definitions
As used in this chapter:
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(6)(A) “Manufacturer” means any person, firm, association, partnership, corporation, governmental entity, organization, combination, or joint venture that (i) produces a mercury‑added product, or (ii) serves as an importer or domestic distributor of a mercury‑added product produced outside the United States.
(B) This definition shall not apply to retailers for whom importing is not their primary business.
(C) In the case of a multi‑component mercury‑added product, the manufacturer is the last manufacturer to produce or assemble the product.
(D) In the case of mercury containing thermostats, the manufacturer is the brand‑name owner on the thermostat.
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(16) “Mercury‑containing thermostat” means a product or device that uses a mercury switch to sense and control room temperature through communication with heating, ventilating, or air‑conditioning equipment. “Mercury‑containing thermostat” includes thermostats used to sense and control room temperature in residential, commercial, industrial, and other buildings but does not include a thermostat used to sense and control temperature as part of a manufacturing process.
(17) “Person” means any individual, corporation, partnership, cooperative, association, firm, sole proprietorship, governmental agency, or other entity.
(18) “Thermostat retailer” means a person who sells thermostats of any kind directly to homeowners or other nonprofessionals through any selling or distribution mechanism, including but not limited to sales using the internet or catalogues. A retailer may also be a wholesaler if it meets the definition of wholesaler.
(19) “Thermostat wholesaler” means a person that is engaged in the distribution and wholesale sale of heating, ventilation, and air‑conditioning components to contractors who install heating, ventilation, and air‑conditioning components.
Sec. 3. 10 V.S.A. § 7105(e)(1) is amended to read:
(1) Effective January 1, 2007, none of the following mercury‑added products may be offered for final sale, sold at a final sale, or distributed in Vermont as a new manufactured product:
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(J) A mercury‑added neon
Sec. 4. 10 V.S.A. § 7106 is amended to read:
§ 7106. Labeling of mercury‑added products
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(i) The following alternative methods of labeling for specific products are approved, and no further agency approval is required:
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(i) Labeling of
products that contain, as their only mercury‑added components, one or
more lamps not intended to be replaceable by the user or consumer that are used
for one or more of the purposes enumerated in this subdivision shall meet all
the requirements of subsections (a) through (f) of this section, except no
label is required on the internal lamp, no label is required on the package,
and no label is required to be visible prior to purchase. A label must be included
in the care and use manual or product instructions, if any in the
event that no care and use manual is produced for the product, the product
(i) Lamp purposes subject to this subdivision shall be:
(II) liquid crystal display (LCD) panel;
(III) scanning images; or
(IV) copying images.
(ii) This subdivision (A) shall apply to products containing lamps used for other purposes, if those products are approved under subsection (h) of this section, except that there need not be compliance in this instance with the requirement established in subdivision (h)(1)(A)(ii), regarding the effectiveness of the proposed alternative.
(B) Labeling of products with a
screen or LCD panel less than seven inches on the diagonal that contain, as
their only mercury‑added components, one or more lamps not intended to be
replaceable by the user or consumer that are used for backlighting shall meet
all the requirements of subsections (a) through (c) of this section by placing
the label on the product or in the care and use manual or
instructions, if any in the event that no care and use manual is
produced for the product, the product instructions. No label is required
on the internal lamp, and no label shall be required to be visible prior to
(C) Labeling of a product that
contains as its only mercury‑added components a lamp or lamps at least
one of which is intended to be replaceable by the user or consumer must meet
the labeling requirements of subsections (a) through (f) of this section,
except no label is required to be visible prior to purchase. A label must also
be included in the care and use manual or
product instructions, if any
in the event that no care and use manual is produced for the product, the
product instructions. If the replaceable lamp is placed within a housing
intended to be replaceable by the user or consumer, the housing must also be
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Sec. 5. 10 V.S.A. § 7107 is amended to read:
§ 7107. DISCARDED MERCURY‑ADDED PRODUCTS
(a) Management of discarded mercury‑added products. After July 1, 2007, discarded mercury‑added products, except for mercury‑added button cell batteries, products containing mercury‑added button cell batteries as their only mercury‑added components, and photographic film shall be managed as provided in this section.
(1) Disposal ban. No person shall knowingly dispose of mercury‑added products in a solid waste landfill or combustor.
(2) Source separation. Except as otherwise provided by this section, every person who discards solid waste shall separate mercury‑added products from that solid waste for management as hazardous waste or universal hazardous waste, according to all applicable state and federal regulations. Any contractor who replaces or removes mercury‑added products shall assure that any discarded mercury‑added product is subject to proper separation and management as a hazardous waste or universal hazardous waste. Any contractor who replaces a mercury‑containing thermostat from a building shall deliver the mercury‑containing thermostat to an appropriate collection location for recycling.
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Removal of mercury‑added components. The agency shall conduct a study
and make recommendations for requirements to remove effectively and feasibly
mercury‑added components in products prior to disposal or recycling
processes. This report shall identify removal and collection systems at public
and private solid waste management facilities and salvage businesses,
manufacturer‑sponsored or operated collection and take‑back
programs; and other feasible programs. The agency will identify costs
mechanisms for financing such programs. The study shall address removal and
collection of mercury‑added components in automobiles and the collection
of switches, relays, and gauges in home appliances, heating devices, and other
equipment. The agency shall report to the general assembly no later than
January 15, 2006.
The agency shall conduct a study, and in consultation
with the advisory committee on mercury pollution, make recommendations on
methods to increase recycling of mercury thermostats. The study shall identify
incentive‑based programs and other feasible programs, including costs and
mechanisms for financing such programs. The agency shall report to the general
assembly no later than January 15, 2008.
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Sec. 6. 10 V.S.A. § 7116 is added to read:
§ 7116. MERCURY‑CONTAINING THERMOSTATS
(a) Manufacturer responsibility. Each thermostat manufacturer that has offered for final sale, sold at final sale, or has distributed mercury containing thermostats in Vermont shall, individually or collectively:
Not later than October 1, 2007 submit a plan to the agency for approval that
describes a collection and financial incentive program for mercury
thermostats. The program contained in this plan shall ensure that the
following take place:
(A) that at least 70 percent of the manufacturer’s mercury‑containing thermostats estimated by the agency to be discarded within two years after the implementation of approved plans are collected and recycled, and at least 80 percent of the manufacturer’s mercury‑containing thermostats estimated by the agency to be discarded within three years are collected and recycled after the implementation of the manufacturer’s approved plan.
(B) that an education and outreach program consistent with the requirements of other states is developed. The program shall be directed toward wholesalers, retailers, contractors, and homeowners and shall be designed to ensure achievement of the rate of collection of mercury‑containing thermostats established by subdivision (1)(A) of this subsection. There shall be no cost to thermostat wholesalers or thermostat retailers for education and outreach materials.
(C) that handling and recycling of mercury‑containing thermostats are accomplished in a manner that is consistent with the provisions of the universal waste rules adopted by the secretary.
(D) that containers for mercury‑containing thermostat collection are provided to all thermostat wholesalers. The cost to thermostat wholesalers shall be limited to an initial, reasonable one‑time fee per container as specified in the plan.
(E) that collection systems are provided to all collection points registered pursuant to subdivision (d)(3) of this section. Collection systems can include individual product mail back or multiple collection containers. The cost to registered collection points shall be limited to an initial, reasonable one‑time fee per container as specified in the plan.
(F) that a financial incentive is established with a minimum value of $5.00 for the return of each mercury‑containing thermostat to a thermostat wholesaler by a contractor or service technician. The financial incentive shall be in the form of cash or coupons that are redeemable by the contractor or service technician.
(G) that a financial incentive is established with a minimum value of $5.00 to homeowners or non‑professionals for the return of each mercury‑containing thermostat to a collection point registered with the agency. The financial incentive may include, cash, discounts, coupons, or other incentives.
(H) mechanisms to protect against the fraudulent return of thermostats are established.
(2) No later than April 1, 2008, implement a mercury thermostat collection plan approved by the secretary under subsection (d)(1) of this section.
(3) Beginning in 2009, submit an annual report to the secretary by April 1 of each year that includes, at a minimum, all of the following:
(A) The number of mercury‑containing thermostats collected and recycled by that manufacturer pursuant to this section during the previous calendar year.
(B) The estimated total amount of mercury contained in the thermostat components collected by that manufacturer pursuant to this section.
(C) An evaluation of the effectiveness of the manufacturer’s collection program and the financial incentive.
(D) An accounting of the administrative costs incurred in the course of administering the collection and recycling program and the financial incentive plan.
(b) Thermostat wholesaler and thermostat retailer responsibilities.
(1) By April 1, 2008, a thermostat wholesaler shall not offer for final sale, sell at final sale, or distribute thermostats unless the wholesaler:
(A) acts as a collection site for thermostats that contain mercury.
(B) promotes and utilizes the collection containers provided by thermostat manufacturers to facilitate a contractor collection program as established by subsection (a) of this section, and all other tasks as needed to establish and maintain a cost‑effective manufacturer collection and financial incentive program.
(2) By April 1, 2008, a thermostat retailer shall not offer for final sale, sell, or distribute thermostats in the state unless the thermostat retailer participates in an education and outreach program to educate consumers on the collection program for mercury thermostats.
(c) Sales prohibition. Beginning April 1, 2008 the following sales prohibitions shall apply to manufacturers, thermostat wholesalers, and thermostat retailers:
(1) A manufacturer not in compliance with this section is prohibited from offering any thermostat for final sale in the state, selling any thermostat at final sale in the state, or distributing any thermostat in the state. A manufacturer not in compliance with this section shall provide the necessary support to thermostat wholesalers and thermostat retailers to ensure the manufacturer’s thermostats are not offered for final sale, sold at final sale, or distributed in this state.
(2) A thermostat wholesaler or thermostat retailer shall not offer for final sale, sell at final sale, or distribute in this state any thermostat of a manufacturer that is not in compliance with this section.
(d) Agency responsibilities.
(1) Within 60 days of receipt of a complete application from a manufacturer, the agency shall review and may grant, deny, or approve with modifications a manufacturer plan required by subdivision (a)(1) of this section. The agency shall not approve a plan unless all elements of subdivision (a)(1) are adequately addressed, and the program outlined in the plan will assure a maximum rate of collection of mercury‑containing thermostats as established in subdivision (a)(1)(A) of this section. In reviewing a plan, the agency may consider consistency of the plan with collection and financial incentive requirements in other states and consider consistency between manufacturer collection programs. In reviewing plans, the agency shall ensure that education and outreach programs are uniform and consistent to ensure ease of implementation by thermostat wholesalers and thermostat retailers.
(2) The agency shall establish a process under which a plan submitted by a manufacturer is, prior to plan approval, available for public review and comment for 30 days. The agency shall consult with interested persons, including representatives from thermostat manufacturers, environmental groups, thermostat wholesalers, thermostat retailers, service contractors, municipalities, and solid waste districts.
(3) Registered collection points. The agency shall maintain and post on the agency of natural resources’ website a list of municipalities, solid waste districts, and thermostat retailers who wish to register as collection points for mercury thermostats.
(4) Report. By January 15, 2009, and annually thereafter, the agency shall submit a report on the collection and recycling of mercury‑containing thermostats in the state to the house committee on fish, wildlife and water resources and the senate committee on natural resources and energy. The report due in 2009 must include a description and discussion of the financial incentive plan established under this section and recommendations for any statutory changes concerning the collection and recycling of mercury‑containing thermostats. Subsequent reports must include an evaluation of the effectiveness of the thermostat collection and recycling programs established under this section, information on actual collection rates, and recommendations for any statutory changes concerning the collection and recycling of mercury‑containing thermostats. These reporting requirements may be combined with other reports on mercury that the agency is required to provide to the general assembly.
(e) Maximum rate of collection. By January 1, 2008, the agency shall estimate the number of out‑of‑service thermostats generated in Vermont on an annual basis, in consultation with interested persons, including representatives from thermostat manufacturers, thermostat wholesalers, thermostat retailers, service contractors, environmental groups, municipalities, and solid waste districts. Should collection efforts fail to meet the maximum rate of collection, the agency shall, in consultation with interested persons, require modifications to the collection plan in an attempt to improve collection rates in accordance with these goals.
Sec. 7. ELECTRONICS LABELING
(a) Nothwithstanding the labeling requirements contained in subsection 7106(a) of Title 10, the following products shall not be offered for final sale, sold at a final sale, or distributed in Vermont on or after October 1, 2007, unless both the product and its packaging are labeled in accordance with section 7106 of Title 10:
(1) A product that was manufactured on or after October 1, 2007 with a screen or an LCD panel more than seven inches on the diagonal that contains, as its only mercury‑added component, one or more lamps not intended to be replaceable by the user or consumer; or
(2) A product that was manufactured on or after October 1, 2007 that contains, as its only mercury‑added component, a replaceable lamp that is placed within a housing intended to be replaceable by the user or consumer used in a projection system or projection television.
(b) The requirement of subsection (a) of this section may also be met by compliance with the terms of any approved alternative labeling method granted under subsection 7106(h) or (i) of Title 10.
(c) A retailer may not be found in violation of this section if the retailer lacked knowledge that the product contained mercury.
Sec. 8. SUNSET
(a) Sec. 7 (electronic labeling extension) shall be repealed on July 1, 2008.
(b) Subdivisions 7116(a)(3) (reporting requirement for manufacturers of mercury‑containing thermostats) and (d)(4) (agency of natural resources reporting requirement regarding mercury‑containing thermostats) of Title 10 shall be repealed on April 2, 2014.
The Vermont General Assembly
115 State Street