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Introduced by Representatives Rodgers of Glover and Morley of Barton

Referred to Committee on


Subject:  Conservation; wastewater; composting toilets

Statement of purpose:  This bill proposes to include composting toilets in the definition of “wastewater system” and to direct the commissioner of environmental conservation to adopt design requirements for composting toilets.


It is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont:

Sec. 1.  10  V.S.A. § 1972 is amended to read:


For the purposes of this chapter:

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(10)  "Wastewater system" means any piping, pumping, treatment, or disposal system used for the conveyance and treatment of sanitary waste or used water, including, but not limited to, carriage water, shower and wash water, and process wastewater.  This definition does not include any internal piping or plumbing, except for mechanical systems, such as pump stations and storage tanks or toilets, including composting toilets, that are located inside a building or structure and that are integral to the operation of a wastewater system.  This definition also does not include wastewater systems that are used exclusively for the treatment and disposal of animal manure.  In this chapter, "wastewater system" refers to a soil-based disposal system of less than 6,500 gallons per day, or except that “wastewater system” shall include composting toilet systems that are not soil based.  In this chapter, “wastewater system” also refers to a sewerage connection of any size.

Sec. 2.  10 V.S.A. § 1978(a) is amended to read:

§ 1978.  RULES

(a)  The secretary shall adopt rules, in accordance with chapter 25 of Title 3, necessary for the administration of this chapter.  These rules shall include, but are not limited to, the following:

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(9)  provisions allowing the use of a variety of alternative or innovative technologies, including intermittent sand filters, recirculating sand filters, waterless toilets and greywater disposal systems, and constructed wetlands, that provide an adequate degree of protection of human health and the environment.  When alternative or innovative technologies are approved for general use, the rules shall not require either a bond or the immediate construction of a duplicate wastewater system for those alternative or innovative technologies;

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(14)  provisions regarding the use of composting toilets as wastewater systems as defined in subdivision 1972(10) of this title, including design requirements;

(14)(15)  other requirements necessary to protect human health and the environment.

Published by:

The Vermont General Assembly
115 State Street
Montpelier, Vermont