|BILL AS INTRODUCED||2007-2008|
Introduced by Representatives Masland of Thetford, Deen of Westminster, Edwards of Brattleboro, Klein of East Montpelier, Mitchell of Barnard and Pellett of Chester
Subject: Conservation; appliance standards
Statement of purpose: This bill proposes to adopt appliance efficiency standards to apply to the retail sale of new automatic commercial ice makers, ceiling fans and ceiling fan light kits, commercial clothes washers, commercial prerinse spray valves, commercial refrigerators and freezers, digital television adapters, furnace air handlers, illuminated exit signs, large packaged air‑conditioning equipment, low voltage dry‑type distribution transformers, torchieres, traffic signal modules, and unit heaters. The bill proposes to establish dates by which each of these standards shall take effect.
AN ACT RELATING TO ESTABLISHING EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR SPECIFIED APPLIANCES
It is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont:
Sec. 1. 9 V.S.A. § 2793 is amended to read:
§ 2793. DEFINITIONS
As used in this chapter:
* * *
(15) “Automatic commercial ice-maker” means a factory-made assembly that is shipped in one or more packages that consists of a condensing unit and ice-making section operating as an integrated unit that makes and harvests ice cubes and that may store or dispense ice. This term includes machines with capacities between and including 50 and 2,500 pounds per 24 hours;
(16) “Ceiling fan” means a nonportable device that is suspended from a ceiling for circulating air via the rotation of fan blades.
(17) “Ceiling fan light kit” means equipment designed to provide light from a ceiling fan which can be:
(A) integral, such that the equipment is hardwired to the ceiling fan; or
(B) attachable, such that at the time of sale, the equipment is not physically attached to the ceiling fan, but may be included inside the ceiling fan package at the time of sale or sold separately for subsequent attachment to the fan.
(18) “Commercial clothes washer” means a soft mount horizontal- or vertical-axis clothes washer that:
(A) has a clothes container compartment no greater than 3.5 cubic feet in the case of a horizontal-axis product or no greater than 4.0 cubic feet in the case of a vertical-axis product; and
(B) is designed for use by more than one household, such as in multifamily housing, apartments, or coin laundries.
(19) “Commercial pre-rinse spray valve” means a hand-held device designed and marketed for use with commercial dishwashing and ware washing equipment and which sprays water on dishes, flatware, and other food service items for the purpose of removing food residue prior to their cleaning.
(20)(A) “Commercial refrigerator, freezer, and refrigerator-freezer” means self-contained refrigeration equipment that:
(i) is not a consumer product as regulated pursuant to 42 U.S.C.
§ 6291 et seq.;
(ii) operates at a chilled, frozen, combination chilled and frozen or variable temperature for the purpose of storing or merchandising, or storing and merchandising any combination of food, beverages, and ice;
(iii) may have transparent or solid hinged doors, or both, or a combination of hinged and sliding doors; and
(iv) incorporates in a single cabinet most components involved in the vapor compression cycle and the refrigerated compartment.
(B) This term does not include:
(i) products with 85 cubic feet or more of internal volume;
(ii) walk-in refrigerators or freezers; or
(iii) consumer products that are federally regulated pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 6291 et seq.
(21) “Digital television adapter” means an electronic product for which the sole purpose is the conversion of digital video terrestrial broadcast signals to analog NTSC video signals for use by an analog device such as a television. This term does not include cable or satellite television set-top boxes.
(22) “Furnace air handler” means the section of the furnace that includes the fan, blower, and housing, usually accompanied by a filter, all of which are located generally upstream of the burners and heat exchanger. In many residential applications, the air handler includes a cooling coil.
(23) “Illuminated exit sign” means an internally illuminated sign that is designed to be permanently fixed in place to identify an exit; consists of an electrically powered integral light source that illuminates the legend “EXIT” and any directional indicators; and provides contrast between the legend, any directional indicators, and the background.
(24) “Large packaged air-conditioning equipment” means packaged air‑conditioning equipment that has 240,000 Btu/hour or more of cooling capacity and that is built as a package and shipped as a whole to end-user sites.
(25)(A) “Low voltage dry-type distribution transformer” means a distribution transformer that:
(i) has an input voltage of 600 volts or less;
(ii) is air-cooled;
(iii) does not use oil as a coolant; and
(iv) is rated for operation at a frequency of 60 Hertz.
(B) “Low voltage dry-type distribution transformer” does not include:
(i) transformers with multiple voltage taps, with the highest voltage tap equaling at least 20 percent more than the lowest voltage tap; or
(ii) transformers, such as those commonly known as drive transformers, rectifier transformers, auto-transformers, uninterruptible power system transformers, impedance transformers, harmonic transformers, regulating transformers, sealed and nonventilating transformers, machine tool transformers, welding transformers, grounding transformers, or testing transformers, that are designed to be used in a special purpose application and are unlikely to be used in general purpose applications.
(26) “Pulldown refrigerator” means a commercial refrigerator specifically designed to rapidly reduce all integrated product temperatures from 90 degrees F to 38 degrees F over a 12-hour period (i.e., reduction of 4.3 degrees F per hour) when fully loaded with beverage containers.
(27) “Torchiere” means a portable electric lamp with a reflective bowl that directs light upward onto a ceiling so as to produce indirect illumination on the surfaces below.
(28) “Traffic signal module” means a standard eight‑inch (200 mm) or
12‑inch (300 mm) traffic signal indication, consisting of a light source, a lens, and all other parts necessary for operation.
(29) “Unit heater” means a self-contained, vented fan-type commercial space heater that uses natural gas, propane, or fuel oil and that is designed to be installed without ducts within a heated space; except that “unit heater” does not include direct vent, sealed combustion burner, force flue heaters, or any products covered by federal standards pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 6291 et seq.
or any product that is a direct vent, forced flue heater with a sealed combustion burner.
Sec. 2. 9 V.S.A. § 2794(a) is amended to read:
(a) The provisions of this chapter apply to the following types of new products sold, offered for sale, or installed in the state:
* * *
(6) Automatic commercial ice makers.
(7) Ceiling fans and ceiling fan light kits.
(8) Commercial clothes washers.
(9) Commercial pre-rinse spray valves.
(10) Commercial refrigerators and freezers.
(11) Digital television adapters.
(12) Furnace air handlers.
(13) Illuminated exit signs.
(14) Large packaged air-conditioning equipment.
(15) Low voltage dry-type distribution transformers.
(17) Traffic signal modules.
(18) Unit heaters.
(19) Any other product that may be designated by the commissioner in accordance with section 2797 of this title.
Sec. 3. 9 V.S.A. § 2795 is amended to read:
§ 2795. EFFICIENCY STANDARDS
(a) Not later than June 1, 2007, the commissioner shall adopt rules in accordance with the provisions of 3 V.S.A. chapter 25 establishing minimum efficiency standards for the types of new products set forth in section 2794 of this title. The rules shall provide for the following minimum efficiency standards:
* * *
(b) Not later than June 1, 2007, the commissioner shall adopt rules in accordance with the provisions of 3 V.S.A. chapter 25 establishing minimum efficiency standards for the types of new products set forth in subdivisions 2794(a)(6)–(18) of this title. The rules shall provide for the following minimum efficiency standards:
(1) Automatic commercial ice-makers shall meet the energy efficiency requirements of section 1605.3 of the California Code of Regulations, Title 20: Division 2, Chapter 4, Article 4: Appliance Efficiency Regulations.
(2) Ceiling fans shall have:
(A) lighting controls separate from fan speed controls;
(B) adjustable speed controls (either more than one speed or variable speeds); and
(C) the capability of reversible fan action, except fans designed for applications where safety standards would be violated by use of the reversible mode.
(3) Ceiling fan light kits shall:
(A) meet the requirements of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Energy Star Program for Residential Light Fixtures (Version 3.1) and be packaged with lamps to fill all sockets;
(B) be packaged with screw-based compact fluorescent lamps to fill all sockets, with such lamps meeting the Energy Star Program Requirements for Compact Fluorescent Lamps (Version 3.0); or
(C) use and be packaged with light sources, other than compact fluorescent lamps, that meet the minimum efficacy requirements (as measured in lumens per watt) of the Energy Star Program Requirements for Compact Fluorescent Lamps (Version 3.0).
(4) Commercial clothes washers shall meet the requirements shown in Table P-3 of section 1605.3 of the California Code of Regulations, Title 20: Division 2, Chapter 4, Article 4 (Appliance Efficiency Regulations that took effect on November 27, 2002).
(5) Commercial pre-rinse spray valves shall have a flow rate equal to or less than 1.6 gallons per minute.
(6) Commercial refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers shall meet the minimum efficiency requirements shown in Table A-6 of section 1605.3 of the California Code of Regulations, Title 20: Division 2, Chapter 4, Article 4: Appliance Efficiency Regulations as adopted on December 15, 2004 except that pulldown refrigerators with transparent doors shall meet a requirement five percent less stringent than shown in the California regulations.
(7) Digital television adapters shall not use more than one watt in standby-passive mode and shall not use more than eight watts in “on” mode.
(8) Furnace air handlers shall have an Efficiency Rating (ER) of 2.0 or less except air handlers for oil-fired furnaces with a capacity of less than 94,000 Btu per hour shall have an ER of 2.3 or less.
(9) Illuminated exit signs shall meet the Version 2.0 Energy Star Program performance requirements for illuminated exit signs prescribed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
(10) Large packaged air-conditioning equipment shall meet the Tier 2 efficiency levels of the “Minimum Equipment Efficiencies for Unitary Commercial Air Conditioners” or “Minimum Equipment Efficiencies for Heat Pumps,” as appropriate, developed by the Consortium for Energy Efficiency, Boston, MA, as in effect on January 1, 2002.
(11) Low voltage dry-type distribution transformers shall meet the Class 1 efficiency levels for distribution transformers specified in Table 4-2 of the “Guide for Determining Energy Efficiency for Distribution Transformers” published by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA Standard TP-1-2002).
(12) Torchieres shall consume not more than 190 watts and shall not be capable of operating with lamps that total more than 190 watts.
(13) Red and green traffic signal modules shall meet the product specification of the “Energy Star Program Requirements for Traffic Signals” developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency that took effect in February 2001 and shall be installed with compatible, electrically connected signal control interface devices and conflict monitoring systems. The commissioner, in consultation with the secretary of transportation, may exempt specific traffic signals from this requirement upon a determination that Energy‑ Star‑compliant traffic signal modules would compromise safe signal operation.
(14) Unit heaters shall be equipped with an intermittent ignition device and shall have either power venting or an automatic flue damper.
Sec. 4. 9 V.S.A. § 2796 is amended to read:
§ 2796. IMPLEMENTATION
(a) No new medium voltage dry-type distribution transformer, state-regulated incandescent reflector lamp, or single-voltage external AC to DC power supply manufactured on or after January 1, 2008 may be sold or offered for sale in the state unless the efficiency of the new product meets or exceeds the efficiency standards set forth in the rules adopted pursuant to section 2795 of this title.
(b) On or after January 1, 2008, no new ceiling fan, ceiling fan light kit, commercial clothes washer, commercial pre-rinse spray valve, digital television adapter, illuminated exit sign, low voltage dry‑type distribution transformer, torchiere, traffic signal module, or unit heater may be sold or offered for sale in the state unless the efficiency of the new product meets or exceeds the efficiency standards set forth in the rules adopted pursuant to section 2795 of this title. On or after January 1, 2009, no new automatic commercial ice‑maker or metal halide lamp fixture may be sold or offered for sale in the state unless the efficiency of the new product meets or exceeds the efficiency standards set forth in the rules adopted pursuant to section 2795 of this title. On or after January 1, 2011, no new commercial refrigerator or freezer or large packaged air‑‑conditioning equipment may be sold or offered for sale in the state unless the efficiency of the new product meets or exceeds the efficiency standards set forth in the rules adopted pursuant to section 2795 of this title.
* * *
(d) One year after the date upon which the sale or offering for sale of certain products becomes subject to the requirements of subsection (a) or (b) of this section, no new products may be installed for compensation in the state unless the efficiency of a new product meets or exceeds the efficiency standards set forth in the rules adopted pursuant to section 2795 of this title.
(e) Owners and operators of commercial and industrial facilities shall be allowed to utilize appliances and equipment that do not meet the requirements of section 2795 of this title for the repair or replacement of existing equipment, provided that the equipment being repaired or replaced was acquired before the implementation date determined according to the provisions of this section. At the discretion of the owners and operators, these appliances and equipment may be used at any time before or after the effective date of those requirements.
(f) Notwithstanding the dates set out in this section, implementation of the standard for an individual product of the type set forth in subdivisions 2794(a)(6)–(18) of this title shall be suspended until the passage of legislation or the adoption of administrative rules that require equivalent or higher standards for that product in states within New England, including Vermont, with a total population of at least four million people.
The Vermont General Assembly
115 State Street