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ACT OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 2007-2008

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NO. 174.  AN ACT RELATING TO DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

(S.357)

It is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont:

Sec. 1.  FINDINGS

(a)  The general assembly finds that domestic violence directly affects the lives of Vermont’s citizens each year.  Domestic violence is a pervasive community problem which requires a comprehensive approach by the state, the public, and community providers to prevent, respond to, and remedy its devastating effects.  Domestic violence is consistently the leading cause of homicides in Vermont each year.  According to the 2008 Vermont Fatality Review Commission Report data covering 1994–2007, 50 percent of all Vermont homicides during the past 13 years were related to domestic violence.  In 2007, 64 percent of all Vermont homicides were domestic-violence-related. Reported occurrences of domestic violence continue to rise, and many incidents continue to go unreported.  The 16-member programs of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence responded to 15,259 hotline crisis calls and served 8,337 victims of domestic violence in 2007.  An increasing number of families in Vermont are homeless due to domestic violence.  The member programs of the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence sustained a 27-percent increase in bed-nights in 2007. 

(b)  The general assembly recognizes the importance of specific intervention programs for domestic violence offenders in breaking the generational cycle of domestic violence.  The general assembly recommends that persons convicted of domestic assault be referred to appropriate intervention programs provided by the department of corrections or certified by the Vermont council on domestic violence.  In instances where certified programs are not available, alternative programs should be provided with a focus placed on victim safety and offender accountability.

Sec. 2.  12 V.S.A. § 5131 is amended to read:

§ 5131.  DEFINITIONS

As used in this chapter:

* * *

(5)  “Sexually assaulted the plaintiff” means that the defendant engaged in conduct that meets elements of lewd and lascivious conduct with a child as defined in 13 V.S.A. § 2602, sexual assault as defined in 13 V.S.A. § 3252, or aggravated sexual assault as defined in 13 V.S.A. § 3253, use of a child in a sexual performance as defined in 13 V.S.A. § 2822, or consenting to a sexual performance as defined in 13 V.S.A. § 2823 and that the plaintiff was the victim of the offense.

* * *


Sec. 3.  12 V.S.A. § 5134 is amended to read:

§ 5134.  EMERGENCY RELIEF

(a)  In accordance with the Vermont Rules of Civil Procedure, a person other than a family or household member as defined in 15 V.S.A. § 1001(2) may file a complaint for a temporary order against stalking or sexual assault. Such complaint shall be filed during regular court hours.  The plaintiff shall submit an affidavit in support of the order.  The court may issue a temporary order under this chapter ex parte, without notice to the defendant, upon motion and findings by the court that the defendant has stalked or sexually assaulted the plaintiff.  An order may be granted requiring the defendant to refrain from stalking or sexually assaulting the plaintiff and to refrain from interfering with the plaintiff’s personal liberty  The court may order the defendant to stay away from the plaintiff or the plaintiff’s children, or both, and may make any other such order it deems necessary to protect the plaintiff or the plaintiff’s children, or both.

* * *

Sec. 4.  13 V.S.A. § 1030 is amended to read:

§ 1030.  VIOLATION OF ABUSE PREVENTION ORDER OR AN ORDER
              AGAINST STALKING OR SEXUAL ASSAULT

(a)  A person who commits an act prohibited by a court or who fails to perform an act ordered by a court in violation of an abuse prevention order issued under chapter 21 of Title 15 or chapter 69 of Title 33, or an order against stalking or sexual assault issued under chapter 178 of Title 12, after the person has been served notice of the contents of the order as provided in those chapters; or a foreign abuse prevention order or an order against stalking or sexual assault issued by a court in any other state, federally recognized Indian tribe, territory or possession of the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or the District of Columbia; shall be imprisoned not more than one year or fined not more than $5,000.00, or both.

(b)  A person who is convicted of a second or subsequent offense under this section or is convicted of an offense under this section and has previously been convicted of domestic assault under section 1042 of this title, first degree aggravated domestic assault under section 1043 of this title, or second degree aggravated domestic assault under section 1044 of this title shall be imprisoned not more than three years or fined not more than $25,000.00, or both.

* * *

Sec. 5.  13 V.S.A. § 1042 is amended to read:

§ 1042.  DOMESTIC ASSAULT

Any person who attempts to cause or wilfully or recklessly causes bodily injury to a family or household member, or wilfully causes a family or household member to fear imminent serious bodily injury shall be imprisoned not more than one year 18 months or fined not more than $5,000.00, or both.

Sec. 6.  13 V.S.A. § 1044 is amended to read:

§ 1044.  SECOND DEGREE AGGRAVATED DOMESTIC ASSAULT

(a)  A person commits the crime of second degree aggravated domestic assault if the person:

(1)  commits the crime of domestic assault and causes bodily injury to another person and such conduct violates:

(A)  specific conditions of a criminal court order in effect at the time of the offense imposed to protect that other person;

(B)  a final abuse prevention order issued under section 1103 of Title 15;

(C)  an order against stalking or sexual assault issued under chapter 178 of Title 12; or

(D)  an order against abuse of a vulnerable adult issued under chapter 69 of Title 33.

(2)  commits a second or subsequent offense of domestic assault, which causes bodily injury the crime of domestic assault; and

(A)  has a prior conviction within the last ten years for violating an abuse prevention order issued under section 1030 of this title; or

(B)  has a prior conviction for domestic assault under section 1042 of this title.

(b)  A person who commits the crime of second degree aggravated domestic assault shall be imprisoned not more than five years or fined not more than $10,000.00, or both.

(c)  Conduct constituting the offense of second degree aggravated domestic assault under this section shall be considered a violent act for the purpose of determining bail.

Sec. 7.  13 V.S.A. § 1031 is added to read:

§ 1031.  INTERFERENCE WITH ACCESS TO EMERGENCY SERVICES

A person who, during or after the commission of a crime, willfully prevents or attempts to prevent a person from seeking or receiving emergency medical assistance, emergency assistance from a third party, or emergency assistance from law enforcement shall be imprisoned not more than one year or fined not more than $5,000.00 or both.

Sec. 8.  13 V.S.A. § 1047 is added to read:

§ 1047.  OFFENSE COMMITTED WITHIN THE PRESENCE OF A CHILD

When imposing sentence for an offense listed in this subchapter, the court may consider whether the offense was committed within the presence of a child.


Sec. 9.  13 V.S.A. § 2602 is amended to read:

§ 2602.  LEWD OR LASCIVIOUS CONDUCT WITH CHILD

(a)(1)  No person shall willfully and lewdly commit any lewd or lascivious act upon or with the body, or any part or member thereof, of a child under the age of 16 years, with the intent of arousing, appealing to, or gratifying the lust, passions, or sexual desires of such person or of such child.

(2)  This section shall not apply if the person is less than 19 years old, the child is at least 15 years old, and the conduct is consensual.

(b)  A person who violates subsection (a) of this section shall be:

(1)  For a first offense, imprisoned not less than two years and not more than 15 years, and, in addition, may be fined not more than $5,000.00, or both.

(2)  For a second offense, imprisoned not less than five years and a maximum term of life, and, in addition, may be fined not more than $25,000.00, or both.

(3)  For a third or subsequent offense, imprisoned not less than ten years and a maximum term of life, and, in addition, may be fined not more than $25,000.00, or both.

* * *

(e)  Any prior conviction for sexual assault or aggravated sexual assault shall be considered a prior offense for purposes of sentencing enhancement.  This section shall not apply to a person who was convicted of sexual assault committed when the person was younger than 19 years of age and which involved consensual sex with a child at least 15 years of age.

Sec. 10.  15 V.S.A. § 668a is amended to read:

§ 668a.  ENFORCEMENT OF VISITATION

(a)  When a noncustodial parent who is ordered to pay child support or alimony and who is awarded visitation rights fails to pay child support or alimony, the custodial parent shall not refuse to honor the noncustodial parent’s visitation rights.

(b)  When a custodial parent refuses to honor a noncustodial parent’s visitation rights, the noncustodial parent shall not fail to pay any ordered child support or alimony.

(c)  If a custodial parent refuses to honor a noncustodial parent’s visitation rights, the court shall enforce such rights unless it finds good cause for the failure or that a modification of the visitation rights is in the best interests of the child.  Unless restoration of the visitation is not in the best interests of the child, enforcement of the visitation rights shall include the restoration of the amount of visitation improperly denied.  When a party files a motion for enforcement of parent-child contact under this subsection, the court shall conduct a hearing within 30 days of service of the motion.

(d)  A person who violates this section may be punished by contempt of court or other remedies as the court deems appropriate, including awarding attorney’s fees and costs to the prevailing party.

(e)(1)  If a custodial parent refuses to honor a noncustodial parent’s visitation rights without good cause, the court may modify the parent-child contact order if found to be in the best interests of the child.  Good cause shall include a pattern or incidence of domestic or sexual violence, a history of failure to honor the visitation schedule agreed to in the parent child contact order, or reasonable fear for the child or the custodial parent’s safety.

Good cause shall include:

(A)  a pattern or incidence of domestic or sexual violence;

(B)  a reasonable fear for the child’s or the custodial parent’s safety; or

(C)  a history of failure to honor the visitation schedule agreed to in the parent-child contact order.

(2)  A custodial parent, upon a showing of good cause as defined in subdivision (1)(A) or (B) of this subsection, may receive an ex parte order suspending a noncustodial parent’s visitation rights until a court hearing is held.  A hearing shall be held within 10 days from the issuance of the order. 

(f)  All parent-child contact orders issued by the family court in connection with a divorce or parentage proceeding shall bear the following statement: 
“A PERSON WHO FAILS TO COMPLY WITH ALL TERMS OF THE CURRENT ORDER GOVERNING PARENT-CHILD CONTACT MAY BE SUBJECT TO CONTEMPT OF COURT CHARGES. THE COURT MAY IMPOSE ADDITIONAL REMEDIES, INCLUDING A MODIFICATION OF THE CURRENT PARENT-CHILD CONTACT ORDER IF FOUND TO BE IN THE BEST INTERESTS OF THE CHILD.” 

Sec. 11.  15 V.S.A. § 1103 is amended to read:

§ 1103.  REQUESTS FOR RELIEF

(a)  Any family or household member may seek relief from abuse by another family or household member on behalf of him or herself or his or her children by filing a complaint under this chapter.  The plaintiff shall submit an affidavit in support of the order.

(b)  Except as provided in section 1104 of this title, the court shall grant relief only after notice to the defendant and a hearing.  The plaintiff shall have the burden of proving abuse by a preponderance of the evidence.

(c)  If the court finds that the defendant has abused the plaintiff and that there is a danger of further abuse, the court shall make such orders as it deems necessary to protect the plaintiff, the children, or both, which may include the following: (1)  The court shall make such orders as it deems necessary to protect the plaintiff, the children, or both, if the court finds that the defendant has abused the plaintiff, and:

(A)  there is a danger of further abuse; or

(B)  the defendant is currently incarcerated and has been convicted of one of the following:  murder, attempted murder, kidnapping, domestic assault, aggravated domestic assault, sexual assault, aggravated sexual assault, stalking, aggravated stalking, lewd or lascivious conduct with child, use of a child in a sexual performance, or consenting to a sexual performance.

(2)  The court order may include the following:

(1)(A)  an order that the defendant refrain from abusing the plaintiff, his or her children or both and from interfering with their personal liberty, including restrictions on the defendant’s ability to contact the plaintiff or the children in person, by phone or by mail and restrictions prohibiting the defendant from coming within a fixed distance of the plaintiff, the children, the plaintiff’s residence, or other designated locations where the plaintiff or children are likely to spend time;

(2)(B)  an order that the defendant immediately vacate the household and that the plaintiff be awarded sole possession of a residence;

(3)(C)  a temporary award of parental rights and responsibilities in accordance with the criteria in section 665 of this title;

(4)(D)  an order for parent-child contact under such conditions as are necessary to protect the child or the plaintiff, or both, from abuse.  An order for parent-child contact may if necessary include conditions under which the plaintiff may deny parent-child contact pending further order of the court;

(5)(E)  if the court finds that the defendant has a duty to support the plaintiff, an order that the defendant pay the plaintiff’s living expenses for a fixed period of time not to exceed three months;

(6)(F)  if the court finds that the defendant has a duty to support the child or children, a temporary order of child support pursuant to chapter 5 of this title, for a period not to exceed three months.  A support order granted under this section may be extended if the relief from abuse proceeding is consolidated with an action for legal separation, divorce, or parentage;

(7)(G)  an order concerning the possession, care and control of any animal owned, possessed, leased, kept, or held as a pet by either party or a minor child residing in the household.

* * *

Sec. 12.  15 V.S.A. § 1105 is amended to read:

§ 1105.  SERVICE

(a)  A complaint or ex parte temporary order or final order issued under this chapter shall be served in accordance with the rules of civil procedure and may be served by any law enforcement officer.  Abuse orders shall be served at the earliest possible time and shall take precedence over other summonses and orders.  Orders shall be served in a manner calculated to insure the safety of the plaintiff.  Methods of service which include advance notification to the defendant shall not be used.  The person making service shall file a return of service with the court stating the date, time and place at which the order was delivered personally to the defendant.  A defendant who attends a hearing held under section 1103 or 1104 of this title at which a temporary or final order under this chapter is issued, and who receives notice from the court on the record that the order has been issued, shall be deemed to have been served.

* * *

Sec. 13. 15 V.S.A. § 665a is added to read:

§ 665a.  CONDITIONS OF PARENT-CHILD CONTACT IN CASES
              INVOLVING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

(a)  If within the prior ten years, one of the parents has been convicted of domestic assault or aggravated domestic assault against the other parent, or has been found to have committed abuse against a family or household member, as defined in section 1101 of this title, the court may award parent-child contact to that parent if the court finds that adequate provision can be made for the safety of the child and the parent who is a victim of domestic violence.

(b)  In a parent-child contact order issued under subsection (a) of this section, a court may:

(1)  order an exchange of a child to occur in a protected setting;

(2)  order parent-child contact supervised by another person or agency;

(3)  order the perpetrator of domestic violence to participate in, to the satisfaction of the court, a program of intervention for perpetrators, where available, or other designated counseling as a condition of the visitation;

(4)  if alcohol or drugs were involved in the domestic abuse, order the perpetrator of domestic violence to abstain from being under the influence of alcohol or controlled substances without a prescription during the visitation and for 24 hours preceding parent-child contact;

(5)  order the perpetrator of domestic violence to pay a fee to defray the costs of supervised parent-child contact, provided that the perpetrator can afford to pay the fee;

(6)  prohibit overnight parent-child contact;

(7)  impose any other condition that is deemed necessary or appropriate to provide for the safety of the child, the victim of domestic violence, or another family or household member.

(c)  Whether or not parent-child contact is allowed, the court may order the address of the child and the victim to be kept confidential.

(d)  If a court allows a family or household member to supervise

parent-child contact, the court shall establish conditions to be followed during

parent-child contact.


Sec. 14.  15 V.S.A. chapter 21, subchapter 4 is added to read:

Subchapter 4.  Vermont Council on Domestic Violence

§ 1171.  CREATION OF VERMONT COUNCIL ON DOMESTIC
              VIOLENCE

There is created the Vermont council on domestic violence.  The council shall provide leadership for Vermont’s statewide effort to eradicate domestic violence.

§ 1172.  PURPOSE; POWERS; DUTIES

(a)  The council shall:

(1)  facilitate opportunities for dialogue, advocacy, education, and support among state agencies, advocacy groups, and the public;

(2)  collect, review, and analyze data and information relating to domestic violence;

(3)  provide assistance in developing effective responses to domestic violence, including model policies and procedures, prevention and education initiatives, and domestic-violence-related programs for the criminal justice and human services sectors; specifically, the council shall work with the department of state’s attorneys and the department of corrections to develop recommendations for practice in evidence-based prosecution, risk assessment with domestic violence offenders, the use of deferred sentences in domestic violence cases, standardized probation conditions for domestic violence offenders, appropriate programming options for domestic violence offenders, and strategies for addressing victims of domestic violence who commit crimes as a result of the coercion of a batterer;

(4)  recommend changes in state programs, laws, administrative regulations, policies, and budgets related to domestic violence;

(5)  establish and maintain standards for intervention programs for perpetrators of domestic violence, and develop a process for certifying that programs are complying with the standards;

(6)  review and comment upon legislation relating to domestic violence introduced in the general assembly at the request of any member of the general assembly or on its own initiative; and

(7)  study the issue of employment discrimination against victims of domestic violence and suggest model workplace protections and policies.

(b)  The council shall collaborate with the Vermont fatality review commission to develop strategies for implementing the commission’s recommendations.

(c)  The council shall make a biennial report to the general assembly, the governor, the supreme court, and the people of Vermont explaining all relevant data about domestic violence collected by the council, and evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of Vermont’s current domestic violence intervention response strategies.

§ 1173.  COMPOSITION AND MEETINGS

(a)  The council shall consist of the following members to be appointed as follows:

(1)  To be appointed by the governor:

(A)  one member of the public who shall be a survivor of domestic violence;

(B)  a representative from the same-sex domestic violence service provider community;

(C)  a representative from the deaf and disability service provider community;

(D)  a representative from the department of state’s attorneys;

(E)  a prosecutor from one of the STOP Domestic Violence units;

(F)  a member of the Vermont clergy;

(G)  one member of the public representing the interests of children exposed to domestic violence.

(2)  To be appointed by the chief justice of the Vermont supreme court:

(A)  five members of the judiciary, one of whom may be a magistrate, one of whom may be an assistant judge, and one of whom may be a court manager;

(B)  one guardian ad litem;

(C)  a representative of Vermont Legal Aid;

(D)  a representative of the Vermont bar experienced in family law.

(3)  The following members:

(A)  the secretary of human services or designee;

(B)  the director of the Vermont criminal information center or designee;

(C)  the defender general or designee;

(D)  the attorney general or designee;

(E)  the executive director of the Vermont center for crime victims services or designee;

(F)  the director of the Vermont network against domestic and sexual violence or designee;

(G)  the executive director of the criminal justice training council or designee;

(H)  the executive director of the Vermont commission on women or designee;

(I)  a representative from each county domestic violence task force;

(J)  a representative from Vermont’s supervised visitation coalition;

(K)  a representative from the Vermont police chiefs’ association;

(L)  a representative from the Vermont sheriffs’ association;

(M)  a representative from the Vermont coalition of batterer intervention services;

(N)  the commissioner of the department for children and families or designee;

(O)  the commissioner of the department of public safety or designee;

(P)  the commissioner of the department of corrections or designee; and

(Q)  the commissioner of the department of education or designee.

(b)  The council may establish any committees necessary to carry out its duties.

(c)  The council shall meet at least quarterly to conduct its business.

Sec. 15.  20 V.S.A. § 2365 is added to read:

§ 2365.  DOMESTIC VIOLENCE TRAINING

(a)  In order to remain certified, law enforcement officers shall receive by 2010 at least eight hours of domestic violence training in a program approved by the Vermont criminal justice training council and the Vermont network against domestic and sexual violence.

(b)  Law enforcement officers shall receive domestic violence retraining every two years in a program approved by the Vermont criminal justice training council.

(c)  The Vermont police academy shall employ a domestic violence trainer.


Sec. 16.  28 V.S.A. § 507 is amended to read:

§ 507.  NOTIFICATION TO VICTIM AND OPPORTUNITY TO TESTIFY

(a)  At least 30 days prior to a parole eligibility hearing, the victim of a listed crime as defined in 13 V.S.A. § 5301(7), shall be notified as to the time and location of the hearing.  Such notification may be waived by the victim in writing.

(b)  At a parole eligibility hearing, unless waived by the victim of a listed crime as defined in 13 V.S.A. § 5301(7), the inmate shall not be present when the victim testifies before the parole board.

(c)  Parole board proceedings shall be subject to the Vermont open meeting law.

(d)  As used in this section, “victim” means:

(1)  a victim of the listed crime for which the parole board is determining the inmate’s eligibility for parole; and

(2)  a victim of a listed crime of which the inmate was convicted other than the listed crime for which the parole board is determining the inmate’s eligibility for parole.

Sec. 17.  33 V.S.A. § 4917 is amended to read:

§ 4917.  MULTI-DISCIPLINARY TEAMS; EMPANELING

(a)  The commissioner of social and rehabilitation services, or his or her designee may empanel a multi-disciplinary team or a special investigative multi-task force team or both wherever in the state there may be a probable case of child abuse or neglect which warrants the coordinated use of several professional services.

(b)  The commissioner of social and rehabilitation services, or his or her designee, in conjunction with professionals and community agencies, shall appoint members to the multi-disciplinary or special investigative multi-task force teams which may include persons who are trained and engaged in work relating to child abuse or neglect such as medicine, mental health, social work, nursing, day care, education, law, or law enforcement.  Additional persons may be appointed when the services of those persons are appropriate to any particular case.

(c)  The empaneling of a multi-disciplinary or special investigative multi‑task force team shall be authorized in writing and shall specifically list the members of the team.  This list may be amended from time to time as needed as determined by the commissioner or his or her designee.

Sec. 18.  STUDY OF HOUSING DISCRIMINATION AGAINST VICTIMS
               OF DOMESTIC AND SEXUAL VIOLENCE

(a)  A committee is established to study the issue of housing discrimination against victims of domestic and sexual violence.

(b)  The committee shall consist of:

(1)  one member appointed by the agency of human services;

(2)  one member appointed by the Vermont public housing agency;

(3)  one member appointed by the Vermont apartment owners’ association;

(4)  one member appointed by Vermont legal aid;

(5)  one member appointed by the Champlain valley office of economic opportunity;

(6)  one member appointed by the Vermont department of housing and community affairs;

(7)  one member appointed by the Vermont human rights commission; and

(8)  one member appointed by the Vermont network against domestic and sexual violence.

(c)  The committee shall convene its first meeting not later than September 1, 2008.  The executive director of the Vermont human rights commission is designated to convene the initial meeting.  The Vermont human rights commission shall provide administrative support to the committee.  The committee may utilize the expertise of nonmembers in its work.  The committee shall report its findings to the senate committees on judiciary and on economic development, housing and general affairs and the house committees on judiciary and on general, housing and military affairs no later than December 15, 2008.  The report shall include an analysis of policies adopted by other states and recommendations to the general assembly about how to respond to the problem of housing discrimination.

Sec. 19.  STUDY OF THE HARASSMENT AND BULLYING OF
               STUDENTS IN VERMONT SCHOOLS

(a)  A committee is established to study the issue of harassment and bullying in Vermont schools.  The committee shall examine:

(1)  the need for further training of educators and school staff to recognize and appropriately respond to the harassment and bullying of students;

(2)  the need for legislative enactments to address cyber-bullying;

(3)  state laws and regulations regarding harassment and bullying;

(4)  school policies and procedures regarding harassment and bullying; and

(5)  any other issues regarding harassment and bullying that the committee deems relevant.

(b)  The committee shall also study the issue of cyber-bullying of Vermont students and recommend measures to address this growing and destructive phenomenon.

(c)  The committee shall consist of:

(1)  one member appointed by the Vermont department of education;

(2)  one member appointed by the Vermont school boards association;

(3)  one member appointed by the Vermont superintendents association;

(4)  one member appointed by the Vermont principals association;

(5)  one member appointed by the Vermont national education association;

(6)  one member appointed by the Vermont human rights commission;

(7)  one member appointed by the Vermont commission on women;

(8)  one member appointed by outright Vermont;

(9)  one member appointed by the Vermont ecumenical council;

(10)  one member appointed by the ALANA community organization;

(11)  one member appointed by the Vermont office of attorney general;

(12)  one law enforcement officer knowledgeable in the investigation of computer crime to be appointed by the Vermont department of public safety;

(13)  two members with expertise and experience in school issues, one to be appointed by the speaker of the house and one to be appointed by the president pro tempore of the senate;

(14)  two youths, one to be appointed by the speaker of the house and one to be appointed by the pro tempore of the senate; and

(15)  one member appointed by the American Civil Liberties Union of Vermont.

(d)  The committee shall convene its first meeting no later than September 1, 2008.  The executive director of the Vermont human rights commission is designated to convene the initial meeting.  The Vermont human rights commission shall provide administrative support to the committee.  The committee may utilize the expertise of non-members in its work. 

(e)  The committee shall report its findings to the senate and house committees on judiciary and education no later than December 15, 2008.  The report shall include a strategic plan to reduce the prevalence of harassment and bullying in Vermont schools.

Sec. 20.  13 V.S.A. § 7282 is amended to read:

§ 7282.  ASSESSMENT

(a)  In addition to any penalty or fine imposed by the court or judicial bureau for a criminal offense or any civil penalty imposed for a traffic violation, including any violation of a fish and wildlife statute or regulation, violation of a motor vehicle statute, or violation of any local ordinance relating to the operation of a motor vehicle, except violations relating to seat belts and child restraints and ordinances relating to parking violations, the clerk of the court or judicial bureau shall levy an additional fee of:

* * *

(8)(A)  For any offense or violation committed after June 30, 2006, but before July 1, 2008, $26.00, of which $18.75 shall be deposited in the victims’ compensation special fund and $2.25 shall be deposited into the criminal justice training council special fund established in section 2363 of Title 20.

(B)  For any offense or violation committed after June 30, 2008, $36.00, of which $28.75 shall be deposited in the victims’ compensation special fund and $2.25 shall be deposited into the criminal justice training council special fund established in section 2363 of Title 20.

* * *

Sec. 21.  32 V.S.A. § 1712 is amended to read:

§ 1712.  TOWN CLERKS

Town clerks shall receive the following fees in the matter of vital registration:

(1)  For issuing and recording a marriage or civil union license, $23.00 $45.00 to be paid by the applicant, $8.00 $10.00 of which sum shall be retained by the town clerk as a fee, $20.00 of which shall be deposited in the victims’ compensation special fund, and $15.00 of which sum shall be paid by the town clerk to the state treasurer in a return filed quarterly upon forms furnished by the state treasurer and specifying all fees received by him or her during the quarter.  Such quarterly period shall be as of the first day of January, April, July, and October.

* * *

Sec. 22.  8 V.S.A. § 4080f is amended to read:

§ 4080f.  CATAMOUNT HEALTH

(a)  As used in this section:

* * *

(9)  “Uninsured” means an individual who does not qualify for Medicare, Medicaid, the Vermont health access plan, or Dr. Dynasaur, and had no private insurance or employer-sponsored coverage that includes both hospital and physician services within 12 months prior to the month of application, or lost private insurance or employer-sponsored coverage during the prior 12 months for any of the following reasons:

(A)  the The individual’s private insurance or employer-sponsored coverage ended because of:

(i)  loss of employment, unless the employer has terminated its employees for the primary purpose of discontinuing employer-sponsored coverage and establishing their eligibility for Catamount Health;

(ii)  death of the principal insurance policyholder;

(iii) divorce or dissolution of a civil union;

(iv)  no longer qualifying as a dependent under the plan of a parent or caretaker relative; or

(v)  no longer receiving COBRA, VIPER, or other state continuation coverage; or.

(B)  college- College- or university-sponsored health insurance became unavailable to the individual because the individual graduated, took a leave of absence, or otherwise terminated studies; or.

(C)(i)  The individual lost health insurance as a result of domestic violence.  The individual shall provide the agency of human services with satisfactory documentation of the domestic violence.  The documentation may include a sworn statement from the individual attesting to the abuse, law enforcement or court records, or other documentation from an attorney or legal advisor, member of the clergy, or health care provider, as defined in section 9402 of Title 18.  Information relating to the domestic violence, including the individual’s statement and corroborating evidence, provided to the agency shall not be disclosed by the agency unless the individual has signed a consent to disclose form.  In the event the agency is legally required to release this information without consent of the individual, the agency shall notify the individual at the time the notice or request for release of information is received by the agency and prior to releasing the requested information.

(ii)  Subdivision (i) of this subdivision (C) shall take effect upon issuance by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services of approval of an amendment to the Global Commitment for Health Medicaid Section 1115 Waiver allowing for a domestic violence exception to the Catamount Health waiting period.

Sec. 23.  33 V.S.A. § 1973 is amended to read:

§ 1973.  VERMONT HEALTH ACCESS PLAN

(a)  The agency of human services or its designee shall establish the Vermont health access plan (VHAP) pursuant to a waiver of federal Medicaid law.  The plan shall remain in effect as long as a federal 1115 demonstration waiver is granted or renewed.

(b)  The purpose of the Vermont health access plan is to provide health care coverage for uninsured or underinsured low income Vermonters.  The agency of human services or its designee shall establish rules regarding eligibility and administration of the plan.

(c)  An individual who has been enrolled in an approved employer-sponsored insurance plan with premium assistance under section 1974 of this title shall not be subject to a 12-month waiting period before becoming eligible for the Vermont health access plan as provided for in subdivision 1974(d)(1).

(d)  An individual who has been enrolled in Catamount Health, with or without premium assistance, shall not be subject to a 12-month waiting period before becoming eligible for the Vermont health access plan.

(e)  For purposes of this section, “uninsured” means:

(1)  an An individual with household income, after allowable deductions, at or below 75 percent of the federal poverty guideline for households of the same size; .

(2)  an An individual who had no private insurance or employer-sponsored coverage that includes both hospital and physician services within 12 months prior to the month of application; or .

(3)  an An individual who lost private insurance or employer-sponsored coverage during the prior 12 months for any of the following reasons:

(A)  the The individual’s coverage ended because of:

(i)  loss of employment;

(ii)  death of the principal insurance policyholder;

(iii)  divorce or dissolution of a civil union;

(iv)  no longer qualifying as a dependent under the plan of a parent or caretaker relative; or

(v)  no longer receiving COBRA, VIPER, or other state continuation coverage; or .

(B)  college- College- or university-sponsored health insurance became unavailable to the individual because the individual graduated, took a leave of absence, or otherwise terminated studies; or.

(C)(i)  The individual lost health insurance as a result of domestic violence.  The individual shall provide the agency of human services with satisfactory documentation of the domestic violence.  The documentation may include a sworn statement from the individual attesting to the abuse, law enforcement or court records, or other documentation from an attorney or legal advisor, member of the clergy, or health care provider, as defined in section 9402 of Title 18.  Information relating to the domestic violence, including the individual’s statement and corroborating evidence, provided to the agency shall not be disclosed by the agency unless the individual has signed a consent to disclose form.  In the event the agency is legally required to release this information without consent of the individual, the agency shall notify the individual at the time the notice or request for release of information is received by the agency and prior to releasing the requested information.

(ii)  Subdivision (i) of this subdivision (C) shall take effect upon issuance by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services of approval of an amendment to the waiver set forth in subsection (a) of this section allowing for a domestic violence exception to the VHAP waiting period.

Sec. 24.  33 V.S.A. § 1974 is amended to read:

§ 1974.  EMPLOYER-SPONSORED INSURANCE; PREMIUM
              ASSISTANCE

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(c)  Uninsured individuals; premium assistance.

(1)  For the purposes of this subsection:

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(B)  “Uninsured” means an individual who does not qualify for Medicare, Medicaid, the Vermont health access plan, or Dr. Dynasaur and had no private insurance or employer-sponsored coverage that includes both hospital and physician services within 12 months prior to the month of application, or lost private insurance or employer-sponsored coverage during the prior 12 months for the following reasons:

(i)  the individual’s coverage ended because of:

(I)  of employment, unless the employer has terminated its employees for the primary purpose of discontinuing employer-sponsored coverage and establishing their eligibility for Catamount Health;

(II)  death of the principal insurance policyholder;

(III)  divorce or dissolution of a civil union;

(IV)  no longer qualifying as a dependent under the plan of a parent or caretaker relative; or

(V)  no longer receiving COBRA, VIPER, or other state continuation coverage; or .

(ii)  college- College- or university-sponsored health insurance became unavailable to the individual because the individual graduated, took a leave of absence, or otherwise terminated studies; or.

(iii)(I)  The individual lost health insurance as a result of domestic violence.  The individual shall provide the agency of human services with satisfactory documentation of the domestic violence.  The documentation may include a sworn statement from the individual attesting to the abuse, law enforcement or court records, or other documentation from an attorney or legal advisor, member of the clergy, or health care provider, as defined in section 9402 of Title 18.  Information relating to the domestic violence, including the individual’s statement and corroborating evidence, provided to the agency shall not be disclosed by the agency unless the individual has signed a consent to disclose form.  In the event the agency is legally required to release this information without consent of the individual, the agency shall notify the individual at the time the notice or request for release of information is received by the agency and prior to releasing the requested information.

(II)  Subdivision (I) of this subdivision (B)(iii) shall take effect upon issuance by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services of approval of an amendment to the waiver set forth in subsection (f) of this section allowing for a domestic violence exception to the premium assistance program waiting period.

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Sec. 25.  33 V.S.A. § 1982 is amended to read:

§ 1982.  DEFINITIONS

As used in this subchapter:

(1)  “Catamount Health” means the health benefit plan offered under section 4080f of Title 8.

(2)  “Uninsured” means an individual who does not qualify for Medicare, Medicaid, the Vermont health access plan, or Dr. Dynasaur and had no private insurance or employer-sponsored coverage that includes both hospital and physician services within 12 months prior to the month of application, or lost private insurance or employer-sponsored coverage during the prior 12 months for the following reasons:

(A)  the individual’s private insurance or employer-sponsored coverage ended because of:

(i)  loss of employment, unless the employer has terminated its employees for the primary purpose of discontinuing employer-sponsored coverage and establishing their eligibility for Catamount Health;

(ii)  death of the principal insurance policyholder;

(iii)  divorce or dissolution of a civil union;

(iv)  no longer qualifying as a dependent under the plan of a parent or caretaker relative; or

(v)  no longer receiving COBRA, VIPER, or other state continuation coverage; or .

(B)  college- College- or university-sponsored health insurance became unavailable to the individual because the individual graduated, took a leave of absence, or otherwise terminated studies; or.

(C)(i)  The individual lost health insurance as a result of domestic violence.  The individual shall provide the agency of human services with satisfactory documentation of the domestic violence.  The documentation may include a sworn statement from the individual attesting to the abuse, law enforcement or court records, or other documentation from an attorney or legal advisor, member of the clergy, or health care provider, as defined in section 9402 of Title 18.  Information relating to the domestic violence, including the individual’s statement and corroborating evidence, provided to the agency shall not be disclosed by the agency unless the individual has signed a consent to disclose form.  In the event the agency is legally required to release this information without consent of the individual, the agency shall notify the individual at the time the notice or request for release of information is received by the agency and prior to releasing the requested information.

(ii)  Subdivision (i) of this subdivision (C) shall take effect upon issuance by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services of approval of an amendment to the Global Commitment for Health Medicaid Section 1115 Waiver allowing for a domestic violence exception to the Catamount Health premium assistance waiting period.

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Sec. 26.  APPROPRIATIONS

(a)  The amount of $883,000.00 from the victims’ compensation fund created by 13 V.S.A. § 5359 shall be available in FY 2009 for the center for crime victim services for the Vermont network against domestic and sexual violence.  This amount shall be used to fund domestic violence prevention programs and services in order to break the generational cycle of domestic violence and to support the victims of domestic and sexual violence.

(b)  Of the appropriation in subsection (a) of this section, the amount of $76,805.00 from the victims’ compensation fund shall be available for the Vermont police academy to employ a domestic violence training and curriculum development coordinator.

Sec. 27.  PILOT PROGRAM

The general assembly recognizes the significant impact of domestic violence on victims and their children.  The department for children and families, division of economic services, may expand emergency and general assistance pilot programs and may develop at least one pilot program specifically addressing the needs of victims of domestic violence.

Sec. 28.  DOMESTIC VIOLENCE EXCEPTION TO HEALTH CARE
               WAITING PERIOD

The secretary of human services shall request approval from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services for an amendment to the Global Commitment for Health Medicaid Section 1115 Waiver to implement the domestic violence exception to the health care waiting periods set forth in Secs. 22, 23, 24, and 25 of this act.


Sec. 29.  32 V.S.A. § 605(f) is added to read:

     (f)  Each fee report submitted in accordance with subdivisions (b)(1), (2), or (3) of this section shall also include a report of every surcharge, assessment, add-on, fee, tax, or other type of charge imposed or administered by any state agency, the receipts of which are not deposited into the general fund, the transportation fund or the education fund, regardless of whether the charge falls within the definition of “fee” in section 602 of this subchapter.  A report under this subsection (f) shall include for each charge all of the information described in subsections (c) and (d) of this section.

Sec. 30.  32 V.S.A. § 602(2)(B) is amended to read:

(B)  The following charges are exempt from the provisions of this subchapter, except as provided in subsection 605(f) of this subchapter:

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Approved:  May 27, 2008



Published by:

The Vermont General Assembly
115 State Street
Montpelier, Vermont


www.leg.state.vt.us