AN ACT RELATING TO REQUIRING THE INSTALLATION OF CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTORS IN HOUSING
It is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont:
Sec. 1. 9 V.S.A. chapter 77 is amended to read:
CHAPTER 77. SMOKE DETECTORS AND CARBON
§ 2881. DEFINITIONS
For the purpose of this chapter:
dwelling” means any building or structure in which a family, families or
which that contains sleeping facilities and is
not otherwise classified as a “public building” as defined in section subsection
251a(a) of Title 21 or as a “condominium” or “multiple unit dwelling” as
defined in section subsection 251(d) of Title 21.
detector” means a device
which that detects visible or invisible
particles of combustion and sounds a warning alarm and which, is
operated from a power supply , within the unit or wired to it from an
outside source , and which is approved or listed for the purpose
by Underwriters Laboratory or by another nationally recognized independent
(3) “Carbon monoxide detector” means a device with an assembly that incorporates a sensor control component and an alarm notification that detects elevations in carbon monoxide levels and sounds a warning alarm, is operated from a power supply within the unit or wired to it from an outside source, and is approved or listed for the purpose by Underwriters Laboratory or by another nationally recognized independent testing laboratory.
§ 2882. INSTALLATION
person who constructs a single-family dwelling
on or after January 1,
1994 , shall install one or more smoke detectors, and
one or more carbon monoxide detectors in the vicinity of any bedrooms in the
dwelling in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. In a
dwelling provided with electrical power, the smoke detector or detectors
shall be powered by the electrical service in the building and by battery.
and after July 1, 1994, a A single-family dwelling transferred by
sale or exchange shall contain one or more smoke detectors and one or more
carbon monoxide detectors powered by the electrical service in the building
or by battery, or by a combination of both, and installed in accordance
with the manufacturer’s instructions.
(c) Nothing in this section shall require an owner or occupant of a single‑family dwelling to maintain or use a smoke detector or a carbon monoxide detector after installation.
§ 2883. REQUIREMENTS FOR TRANSFER OF DWELLING
and after July 1, 1994, the transferor The seller of a single-family
dwelling, whether the transfer be by sale or exchange, shall certify to
the buyer at the closing of the transaction that the dwelling is
provided with one or more smoke detectors and one or more carbon monoxide
detectors in accordance with this chapter. This certification shall be
signed and dated by the seller.
transferee buyer notifies the transferor seller
within ten days by certified mail from the date of conveyance of the dwelling
that the dwelling lacks a smoke detector or a carbon monoxide detector
or that a smoke detector either detector is not operable, the transferor
seller shall comply with this chapter within ten days after
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Sec. 2. 20 V.S.A. § 2729 is amended to read:
§ 2729. GENERAL PROVISIONS
person shall not build or cause to be built any structure
is unsafe or likely to be unsafe to other persons or property in case of fire or
generation and leakage of carbon monoxide.
person shall not maintain, keep or operate any premises or any part thereof, or
cause or permit to be maintained, kept, or operated, any premises or part
thereof, under his or her control or ownership in a manner
causes or is likely to cause harm to other persons or property in case of
fire or generation and leakage of carbon monoxide.
premises under a person’s control, excluding single family owner‑occupied
houses and premises, that person shall observe rules adopted under this
subchapter for the prevention of fires
which and carbon monoxide
leakage that may cause harm to other persons or property.
Any condominium or multiple unit dwelling using a common roof, or row houses
so-called, or other residential buildings in which people sleep, including
hotels, motels, and tourist homes, excluding single family owner‑occupied
houses and premises, whether
any the units are owned or
leased or rented, shall be subject to the rules adopted under this subchapter and
shall be provided with one or more carbon monoxide detectors, as defined in 9 V.S.A.
§ 2881(3), properly installed according to the manufacturer’s requirements.
Sec. 3. EFFECTIVE DATE; TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
(a) This act shall take effect on July 1, 2005.
(b) Compliance with Sec. 2 of this act:
(1) Relating to buildings in which people sleep, shall take effect on October 1, 2005.
(2) Relating to public buildings in which people do not sleep, shall take effect on November 1, 2006.
The Vermont General Assembly
115 State Street