Introduced by Senator Condos of Chittenden District
Subject: Highways; state highways; municipal and village zones; design review standards; law enforcement protocols
Statement of purpose: This bill proposes to authorize municipalities through which a state highway passes to establish municipal and village highway zones. It also directs the agency of transportation to revise the design standards for state highways within a zone and authorizes municipalities to work with the agency to modify state highways within a zone in accordance with the revised standards.
AN ACT RELATING TO STATE HIGHWAY MUNICIPAL AND VILLAGE ZONES
It is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont:
Sec. 1. 19 V.S.A. § 15b is added to read:
§ 15b. STATE HIGHWAY MUNICIPAL AND VILLAGE ZONES
(a) Each municipality through which a state highway passes may designate state highway municipal and village zones as appropriate. The municipal decision defining a zone’s boundaries shall be based on the municipal plan.
(b) A sign whose size shall be approximately three feet high and 15 inches wide shall be located at the zone’s entry and exit points. The sign located at the entry points shall display the name of the municipality or village. The sign located at the exit points shall display both the name and a red diagonal line through the name.
(c) The placement of signs on town highways shall be at the expense of the municipality.
(d) State highways located within a zone shall be subject to revised design standards. The revised standards shall balance carefully the needs of
through-flowing traffic with those of pedestrians, bicyclists, the facilitation of on-street parking, and traffic control.
(e) A municipality may, relying on the revised design standards and after consulting with the agency, amend a local plan with respect to a state highway within a zone regarding crosswalks at public, commercial, or school areas; street lighting; intersection control, including the use of traffic lights, roundabouts, and stop signs; on‑street parking; tree placement; and speed limits.
Sec. 2. 13 V.S.A. § 7251(d) is added to read:
(d) Notwithstanding subsections (b) and (c) of this section, enforcement of all traffic control statutes within state highway municipal and village zones as provided for in 19 V.S.A. § 15b shall be the joint responsibility of the municipality and the state. The enforcing authority shall be entitled to retain all revenues derived from fines, forfeitures, and penalties that the judicial bureau imposes except that if the enforcing authority is the municipality, the state shall retain a $10.00 administrative fee. Coordination of jurisdictional enforcement shall be the primary responsibility of the municipality if local law enforcement exists. However, the state shall inform the municipality of any state highway enforcement action that it plans within a zone.
Sec. 3. EFFECTIVE DATE
Subsection 15b(d) of Title 19 shall be implemented by July 1, 2007. Subsection 15b(e) shall take effect on July 1, 2007.
The Vermont General Assembly
115 State Street