NO. 111. AN ACT RELATING TO EMINENT DOMAIN.
It is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont:
Sec. 1. 12 V.S.A. § 1040 is added to read:
§ 1040. EMINENT DOMAIN; RESTRICTIONS ON USE; CONFERRING
OF PRIVATE BENEFIT; ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no governmental or private entity may take private property through the use of eminent domain if the taking is primarily for purposes of economic development, unless the property is taken pursuant to chapter 85 of Title 24 (urban renewal).
(b) This section shall not affect the authority of an entity authorized by law to use eminent domain for the following purposes:
(1) transportation projects, including highways, airports, and railroads;
(2) public utilities, including entities engaged in the generation, transmission, or distribution of electric, gas, sewer and sewage treatment, or communication services;
(3) public property, buildings, hospitals, and parks; or
(4) water, wastewater, stormwater, flood control, drainage, or waste disposal projects.
Sec. 2. 24 V.S.A. § 3201(3) is amended to read:
(3) “Blighted area” shall mean an
area which by reason of the presence of a substantial number of slum,
deteriorated or deteriorating structures, predominance of defective or
inadequate street layout, faulty lot layout in relation to size, adequacy,
accessibility or usefulness, insanitary or unsafe conditions, deterioration of
site or other improvements, diversity of ownership, tax or special assessment
delinquency exceeding the fair value of the land, defective or unusual
conditions of title, or the existence of conditions which endanger life or
property by fire and other causes, or any combination of such factors,
substantially impairs or arrests the sound growth of a municipality, retards
the provision of housing accommodations or constitutes an economic or social
liability and is a menace to the public health, safety, morals, or welfare in
its present condition and use
; provided, that if. If such
blighted area consists of open land the conditions contained in the proviso in section
subsection 3207(d) of this title shall apply ; and provided further,
that any. Any disaster area referred to in section 3207(g) of this
title shall constitute a “blighted area” “blighted area.” No area
shall be determined to be a blighted area solely or primarily because its
condition and value for tax purposes are less than the condition and value
projected as the result of the implementation of any state, municipal, or
private redevelopment plan.
Sec. 3. 24 V.S.A. § 3211(f) is amended to read:
(f) In considering the issue of necessity, the superior and assistant judges shall, to the extent constitutionally permitted, give effect to the legislative determinations made in this chapter and to the determinations made by the voters and appropriate municipal authorities under this chapter. The court shall not give weight to a projected increase in economic value of the subject property solely or primarily because its condition and value for tax purposes are less than the condition and value projected as the result of the implementation of any state, municipal, or private redevelopment plan.
Approved: April 14, 2006
The Vermont General Assembly
115 State Street