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NO. R-186. JOINT RESOLUTION commemorating the 225th anniversary of the establishment of the Revolutionary War fortification of Mount Independence.

(J.R.S. 76)

Offered by: Senator Bahre of Addison County, Senator Gossens of Addison County, Senator Doyle of Washington County and Senator Illuzzi of Essex-Orleans County.

Whereas, in 1776, while the Continental Congress was meeting in Philadelphia to set the political course of the fledgling nation, critical military developments were occurring in the Champlain Valley, and

Whereas, American forces were retreating south after their unsuccessful 1775 invasion of Canada, and

Whereas, by July 2, 1776, the approximately 5,200 men who comprised the American force, 2,800 of whom were sick from smallpox or fatigue, had reached the western shore of Lake Champlain at Crown Point, and

Whereas, halting the southward march of the British forces under the command of Sir Guy Carleton was a strategic imperative, and

Whereas, the American military leadership, under the able command of Major General Horatio Gates, determined that Crown Point was not a good position to establish a line of fortification against the British forces, and that the best course of action was to proceed southward to Fort Ticonderoga, and

Whereas, General Gates and his colleagues found Fort Ticonderoga to be in a state of disrepair, and they decided to construct a new fortification across the lake on a high promenade then known locally as Rattlesnake Hill, and

Whereas, by July 8, 1776, the first reconnaissance of the new site had been made, and

Whereas, on July 28, 1776, the assembled troops learned that the Continental Congress had declared independence, and they named the new outpost Mount Independence in honor of this momentous event, and

Whereas, in October 1776, the combined military presence at Fort Ticonderoga and the newly-constructed Mount Independence fortification easily persuaded Sir Guy Carleton and his forces to reverse course and head north, and

Whereas, although British and Hessian forces burned the now-evacuated fortification at Mount Independence in November 1777, it served a vital role in the early months of the Revolutionary War, now therefore be it

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives:

That the General Assembly commemorates the 225th anniversary of the fortification of Mount Independence, and commends both the Vermont Division for Historic Preservation and the Mount Independence Coalition for their outstanding educational programs at Mount Independence, and be it further

Resolved: That the Secretary of State be directed to send a copy of this resolution to the Vermont Division for Historic Preservation and the Mount Independence Coalition.