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(J.R.H. 245)

Offered by: Representative Perry of Richford.

Whereas, submarines have played a significant role in American naval history, and

Whereas, although the first known American submarine, the Revolutionary War era Turtle, was not a military success, the future potential of submarines as viable military vessels was demonstrated on July 3, 1801, when Robert F. Fulton’s submarine, the Nautilus, successfully dove to a depth of 25 feet and remained submerged for more than an hour, and

Whereas, on April 11, 1900, the inventor John P. Holland sold his internal combustion gasoline-powered submarine, Holland VI to the U.S. Navy, marking the official birthdate of the U.S. Navy’s submarine force, and on October 12, 1900, the Holland VI was officially commissioned as the USS Holland, and

Whereas, submarines truly became a significant part of U.S. Naval operations in World War II as they magnificently defended America’s interests at sea destroying 30 percent of the Japanese Navy and 60 percent of its merchant marine but at great cost of 52 destroyed U.S. Navy submarines and the death of 3,506 of our brave sailors, and

Whereas, as Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, one of the pioneer leaders of the U.S. Submarine force said, “it is to the everlasting honor and glory of our submarine personnel that they never failed us in our days of peril,” and

Whereas, the contemporary era of submarine warfare began in 1950, when President Truman authorized the construction of the first nuclear powered submarine that was commissioned on September 30, 1954, as the USS Nautilus (SSN-571), in commemoration of Robert Fulton’s submarine, and had its maiden voyage on January 17, 1955, and

Whereas, the age of the nuclear submarine was developed under the inspired leadership of Admiral Hyman Rickover, who was a tireless advocate of the U.S. Navy’s design, development and employment of nuclear submarines as a strategic deterrent and for tactical missions, and

Whereas, the USS Ethan Allen (SSBN-608), which honored a Vermont patriot, was the first submarine designed and built as a fleet ballistic launch platform, was commissioned on August 8, 1961 and served a primary strategic deterrent role for 22 years, and

Whereas, the USS Montpelier (SSN-765), which honors our state’s capitol city, was commissioned on March 13, 1993 and is now operating as a unit of Submarine Squadron Six and home ported in Norfolk, Virginia, and

Whereas, the service and dedication of U.S. Navy submariners is now graphically portrayed at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American History’s exhibition, entitled “Fast Attacks and Boomers: Submarines in the Cold War,” now therefore be it

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives:

That the General Assembly congratulates the United States Navy on the occasion of the Submarine Force Centennial, and pays special tribute to all U.S. Navy submariners, especially those who sacrificed their lives in defense of our nation, and be it further

Resolved: That the Secretary of State be directed to send copies of this resolution to U.S. Secretary of the Navy, Richard Danzig and Admiral Jay Johnson, Chief of Naval Operations in Washington, D.C., Vice Admiral Edmund P. Giambastiani Jr., Commander Submarine Force U.S. Atlantic Fleet, in Norfolk, Virginia, Rear Admiral Al Konetzni Jr., Commander Submarine Force U.S. Pacific Fleet in Honolulu, Hawaii, and to the Submarine Force Museum in Groton, Connecticut.