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NO. R-52. JOINT RESOLUTION COMMEMORATING THE 75TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE RATIFICATION OF THE 19TH AMENDMENT TO THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION.

(J.R.S. 40)

Offered by: Senator Doyle of Washington County.

Whereas, the American federal electorate remained exclusively male for nearly 150 years after the nation's founding, and

Whereas, the suffragette movement had first organized and began campaigning for women's political rights in Seneca Falls, New York during the presidency of James Polk, and

Whereas, despite a few state and local statutes and ordinances permitting women to either hold office or vote, the goal of achieving national women's suffrage would entail some 40 years of perseverance and tenacity while the proposal remained dormant on account of male opposition and indifference in the United States Congress, and

Whereas, the suffragettes' decisive decision to resort to civil disobedience and the resulting public ridicule did not deter them from achieving their fundamental objective of gender electoral equality, and

Whereas, the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution represented a long delayed and much needed step towards the full involvement of women in American politics and government, and

Whereas, on August 16, 1920, the Women's Suffrage Amendment, having been ratified by the then requisite 36 states, was declared to be the 19th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, and

Whereas, while Vermont did not officially ratify the 19th Amendment until February, 1921, the General Assembly did pass the Amendment in 1919 only to have it blocked by a legally dubious gubernatorial veto, and

Whereas, 1995 marks the diamond anniversary of the adoption of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, now therefore be it

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives:

That the General Assembly proudly, and with great admiration, commemorates the pioneering and courageous women who fought for the adoption of the Women's Suffrage Amendment and paved the path towards the equal participation of women in American politics.